connecting a series of interviews with farmers and fishermen and exhibits is coming up in 2014 call farmers and fishers portraits words and tools so as part of that what I’d like to do is share with you some of the writing about Don and some of the images that I’ve collected many of these images this not being one of them have come from the archives of the whaling you see em through the old Dartmouth collection which I think you’ve had a chance to visit as part of your program so my talk is entitled the changing dynamics of agriculture and as part what I’m going to do is look at the historical precedent for sustainability today so when all through one percent is begin the text that I’ve written for a book different won’t be coming out in 2014 Armstead’s it was a time when each village of old dharma where villages of friends who work together to build a community through hard work equity and reliance with a common and community their farms workplaces and homes follow the daily cycles of the seasons as in nature they reuse everything and found their own niche to follow for the good of their family neighbors and community this is the crapo farm journal call Croton Dartmouth in our grandparents day the farmers always had extra produce often had roots at a koala to bring the freshest produce to the village families it was the vegetable wagon the egg man in the milkman make weekly rums shops carried fresh and short meet the local farms cheese the local dairy products from the local farms and flowers from above the gardens the local economy kept our neighbors flush with cash to spend on other goods from the village green our grandparents had a local green economy why can’t we this is a barnyard adornment this spirit in life of the community again by integrating sustainability and green economy into our daily lives actions and work like our grandparents the disturbance on the land our farming grandparents lift low connection fine oh I won’t breathe heavily the low in the lens they can timid the trees in the woods and of the stone from their fields to build homes and boundary walls are manholes grazed the land she pershore football every house had a loom for weaving cloth and they can cover that some blankets for the long winter this is bald hill which is horse neck road east as they prospered barnes coupe smoke houses and singles were built and all the rain water was channeled from the roofs into the central cistern water the animals and the gardens they protected their Springs and wells and conserved water for example the house on the right of the large barn all of the water was funneled from that interest central cistern between the main house and the barn and they could use that for watering your animals in the gardens what you see on the left hand side is a egg farm in the earlier phase where you had the smaller coops to be humbly with the over the appointed rooflines adjacent to the stone walls and the building closest to us is a nice house with the upon that was used twice frozen winter cost and stored in that barn when

the days when horse and buggy and carriage was was the norm entry the garden seeds were broadened planted and seed safe for replanting next year the vegetables were preserved pickled and stored in their pantry corn and other cranes were milled in both water and wind power grist mills apples from their orchards could be dry made into cider and hard cider but left to sweeten though the winter in oak barrels along with the winter squash and onions in cold storage carrots turnips and parsnips filled the root cellars they built a smug cosa stone smokehouse to prepare their meats and salted fish to fill their lonner the farm kitchen lacks was grown hybrid to make linen for summer clothing a table cloths hemp fiber was used for rope neighbors helped with walls on Racing’s boat launchings and harvests neighbors led to helping hand for each other’s births wetting some deaths there are cobblers tinsmiths and blacksmiths the Icehouse a communal pond is used for ice which was stored and an ice house filled with sawdust they may do they lived close to the land their farmland may have slope to the bay here a Shack was built behind the dunes the salt marsh a was harvested for their dairy cow slaughter seaweed was used in the gardens and shellfish were harvested from the bag the fishing shacks on westport on horseneck beach in westbourne they built a skiff for fishing they waited for herring in the spring striped bass and summer and heels for caught in the upper river and streams year-round natives talking how to catch crossed fish in the winter they never went hungry they only caught what they needed to see them through another they lived light on the land and just as a postscript to this I’ll mention that now of mackerel for example frost fish smells are no longer found in these waters that are functionally extinct the water temperatures risen beyond their tolerance level for example buzzards buzzards bay this summer in August it was over 72 degrees Fahrenheit and that tolerance for say the mackerel is in the upper 60s so what had been a tradition is a lost tradition and not only are the species gone but so are the fishermen who follow their dying like the of fish that they pursued our grandparents knew how to live with nature today we ask you to think about how our community of New Dartmouth can rediscover the green to make our village green once again how can we do this let us look to the past to find a precedent for the future village industry the salt works the village has salt works on the shore powered up with small bin bills to draw out the sea water and solar to evaporate the salt each stretch of farms use the power to wind and water to grind and bill their corn and grains for power they were grist mills and sawmills our grandparents used renewable energy for local industrial commercial production why can’t we now this is on the road to a non quit and what you see here is the brush works it was quite an extraordinary structure because inside was filled with literally with brush and what they did is they use them in bills to pump the water from the bag it went through this works vertically and it dissipated the water quickly evaporated to make salt because salt was and a commodity that couldn’t really be imported they had to make their own and they did it is really a genius because they actually had mechanisms for lifting those ruse off and drawing the salts you can see that the salt of pans in the front these are really good size and the brush works in the back and you can see how the water sort of channeled through the system this is if you know a Dartmouth that’s painting era transportation trains and trolleys in earlier times Old West for Roman Dartmouth was part of a network of public access routes certify stagecoach the 18th century in them tavern at the face of the campus was a stagecoach stop

I’ll show this to your bed and the old days two horses pulled the couch coach with another two added when the roads are muddy are covered with snow in time the horses were replaced with by a motorized vehicle which was still called the stage the coach started every morning in little compton at eight at 630am and arrived in new bedford at 1030am the return trip to part of New Bedford at free and what people used to do is along the routes as they would say give the laundry to the stagecoach operator go upgraded to take to Bedford and the free impact clean of the second stage so it was a very heavily utilized service trans connected boston to new veteran on the union street railroad in the 19th century horse-drawn trolleys read from new bedford through dartmouth on what was talbert’s sex is now route 62 fall river on the dartmouth and Westport street railway before they’re electrified on route 6 Ron the popular attraction was Lincoln Park built by the Union a railway after they took over the Dartmouth in West works brief will marry room around 1900 time the heyday of the trolleys was in the early 1900’s but was soon to come to a screeching halt by 1947 the Union Street Railway stopped all trolley service and I’ll show you the lack of connectivity in comparison to what had been through the 1940s for public transportation after World War Two America industrialized in the automobile replaced the train and trolley systems the network of rural route trains were dismantled highways are being constructed route I 95 through 24 route 88 and route 177 opened up the south coast to commuters of the baby boom generation replaced the village variety stores with malls and farm fields with housing suburbanization continued through the 21st century until the housing bubble burst and the economy floundered Mills according to historian Henry be worth the first necessity in colonial settlement was food the second shelter for each need a mill was required to convert the raw corn and grains to flowering and Forests be sawn into lumber the streams are harnessed for a water power and the coastal winds captured with water powers unavailable for variety of Flint corn and other grains Dartmouth I want you to take a look at this early map because it’s showing you the topography of the side what’s interesting is that you had the earliest villages located where you had the strongest rivers and streams for a card for water power for the mills and if you were to look at that it’s a geographical geologically which would see if you spread your fingers of your hand you have a series of ridges upon the ridges were built the rows from the earliest native period then colonized and then continue to pay to today in between your fingers of your hand were the watersheds of river valleys they’re the mills were built and as you get to the tip of your fingers that’s where the windmills were so there was a very strong use of natural features in order to power and service the community over time old Dartmouth had 20 villages but no town center the tendency was to accommodate every neighborhood and to utilize all available water power mill dammit strain great timber swamps of Atlantic white cedar swamp white oak and white pine cover the northern part of the tongue natural resources an expanding population created a demand for lumber mills to supply wood from home construction shipbuilding the water wheel operating the actual a structure of the grist mill in this case you can see there’s a turbine operating so which

is the evolution of power you can see this a crazed crystal actually an Adam Silver island damn this is the interior of the grace grist mill which I recommend you visit if you’re interested and then this is over at the Allens mill which I think that that’s called Slocum that’s it sits near russells mills say the dnr t property now take a look at this because this is our neighborhood at UMass Dartmouth this was called sniffles and this is from an 1856 walling ma’am and if you look at this take a look at this the village community here because we’re talking about a self-sufficient community with blacksmith shop a competing blacksmith shop a school number ten a wheel wreck shop another wheelwright shop a friends church is it was a Quaker community another mill stone mill is the Cummings middle a shoe shop and more you can see how the neighborhood’s developed in the sense of village was created in each of these centers environment of Smith Mills assist this windmills once again so if you can compare that to today you find an almost desert us in suburban dark right now there are no services is a residence of UMass Dartmouth you have to get in your car to dry r is in this time everything was there to self-contained and we may find ourselves went back to the future and because of the costs of transportation and the need to have things sort of sustainably operating this is a grist mill run over at six is where the gas station and the pawnbroker is at the end I think that’s Tucker robe and then and the unfortunate thing about that passed bill is that was taken down block by block grant blocked by granite block nobody wanted to grab ended up in the town dump and then this was a water-powered sawmill on the opposite side of Route six right as you come up you missed our westport road gone Henry hbu art states the number of bills in the tom was considerable and yet not generally know how numerous it is certainly must been at least ninety nine separate bills previously the introduction of steam of which 11 were windmills beside those mills which ground corn and grain and others had sawed lumber their mills and manufactured iron and various stages and fully imparting mills for wool and in later years for cotton and repeat worth continues and he is a scholar that you really ought to look up if you were to go to the old Dartmouth archives for example which you didn’t even do online take a look at his writings because he’s one of the most accurate historians have paint the past for you so he’s really he’s used as a resource and as a smaller that you can plug the only material use for that purpose was everything work continues with Mills of hold our previous two 1860 cotton was not used the only material used for that purpose was sheep’s wool three processes were employed in manufacturing woolen cloth at first it was necessary to clean the wool by combing and forming into roles about 12 inches long and one inch and I financial my evidence is called carnage and required dexterity rather than physical strength consequently this process was performed exclusively by hand of previous to 1811 and no mills were devoted to this part of the manufacturer in November 1811 twice factory at a cush net kardi machinery was sunup but there oh this is was set up at later years at russells mills Robert Gifford had a carding mill which was an operation to the Civil War these

are the only enterprises which were devoted to that branch of manufacture except that of Liam Gordon jr. and one of the head of Westport mentioned here after the second stage of pop manufacturer was the spinning of carting rolls of yarn thread this was simple and easy and like the process preceding it required skill rather than physical power consequently was performed mostly by women in their homes there are no mills devoted to spinning of yarn thread this is of the early textile mill workers the third stage was a manufacturer of yarn into cloth this involve physical labor and while handlooms were operated by men and women there are several mills where it was done by machinery operated by water power these are called fulling Mills hourly such mills were established and cannot be stated certainty in 1702 return Bob both the Babcock mortgaged his mill / glitch of the village later known as stiff mills and included a fulling mill which was located on the north side of the highway this privilege had been felt nearly four years previous the mills are located at that point in 1681 and it cannot be asserted when the clock mill was started and the fulling mill is less mentioned in 1775 in terms of looking at how you go from a village homespun industry into a factory setting you can see an evolution of technology that allowed for the manufacture of thread and law susan on quit spinning company they grew into national and international operations the dartmouth mills and now I’d like to talk about the evolution to today of these mills many of which are vacant this is the durian union mill in Fall River and here this was once the largest cotton mill complex in Fall River the dirty Union Mills had been adapted as a medical center and host a small entrepreneurial business including urban acres what’s quite amazing is it on the third floor of a set of wide stairs with a width of cast-iron trends thats a dirty Union Mills the date on it that you have to climb up because you don’t trust the old elevator is a hydroponic operation that’s called urban acres and here in the mentor they grow under lights peppers bell peppers jalapeno peppers tomatoes numbers for a a wide market they supplies in these market in westbourne and they also supply the back caddy and a base on restaurants with herbs and lettuce and with fresh tomatoes and cucumbers in the dead of winter and I had a CSA last year so what’s interesting in this is that it’s completely soilless process and what they’re doing is they are they’re doing frontier agriculture in the city it’s vertical agriculture because everything is sort of stacked up floor ceiling and so it is energy intensive but what they do is they they are sending solar on the roof do to help to power it to Maisie of the reuse of some of these mills to bring agriculture back into the city year round so that’s one possibility now what they’re doing as they are they’ve moved from the airport the first floor now this is the first floor so that there’s a little easier access so but what you’re seeing is in adaptive reuse and urban agriculture which creates a synergy that will help too Fall River potentially what you’re looking at here is Oliver farm it’s a multi-generational Centennial farm five generations of the same family maintain this and what they do is they not only are they grown at the actress brokers to the other farm farmers this is in Brussels mills and that’s his pet boxin who actually I think good cloud fields in love this is a seascape at Stony meadow farm budgam bunger and showing how hydroponics can be used in a greenhouse setting as well um he uses a

very model for loss or organic solution he grows up strawberries he grows up luscious raspberries you believe how large his raspberries are both golden and red as well as hydroponic tomatoes and he supplies to local businesses what’s if you want to look at the changing dynamics of Agriculture you can sort of think of the old-school farmers like John George senior you had to be a botanist you’re going to be Gardner good to be a soil scientist a meteorologist mechanic an event or sales than the content to keep the farm than family fun running smoothly farmers were bred multidisciplinary Renaissance men and women today many of the other farmers share their knowledge with the next generation an oral history network that spans the south coast today of the farms tend to be fragmented and run by well-educated and directed farmers who create sustainable business plans and follow them to reach their goals is one phone far from here that stands is an example of blending science with agriculture dirt christensen as you can see in the photo and his family operate bricks bounty farm and dartmouth some tucker road is you’re not familiar with it as 858 tucker road dartmouth d mantras fresh vegetables and education derek works of soil biodynamically to improve the soil fertility and nutritional value oh my it’s coming this stay and he offers a seasonal CSA a roadside stand farmers markets and educational programs promoting sustainable agriculture in the reflective winter months Derek host self-help classes for local farmers who read the latest literature of permaculture and soil remediation and share their experiences of farming through the seasons complementing brick properties farms mission Derek consults with other farms to build their soil of quality and mineral content of the soil to improve vegetable and crop nutrition Derek like many of the other new breed of farmers opens the frontiers of agriculture to new possibilities on the south coast now what you should know is that a lot of the of the vegetables are trying the markets these days are essentially been stripped of vitamins and minerals there is a way of building in that can want us to use heritage breeds of seeds and seed savers for example and the other is to improve the soil to build up the soil that goes into the vegetables that you need so you can improve the nutrition through soil fertility for example and that’s what Derek is preaching and I think I had a program as part of the demarian Institute’s programs on this as well nutrition and fertility go hand in hand and we’re losing both unfortunately with corporate controlled agriculture so this is Heflin farm where he was students can actually become members and have a garden plot if you wanted that’s also on the fence on chase road now this is if you consider the idea of the of the village and the homestead that we saw in the first in the first laws what you see here is a new vision of the agricultural homestead and what you’re looking at is round the bend farm in here to marry an institute which is international foundation it deals with agriculture sustainability in foreign countries as well as in this country and are having a whole weekend which you may or may not be aware of it in Bedford their revitalizing event for this whole series of parents had Jim Hansen was talking about climate change this morning for example when these

workshops all the way through the weekend utilizing various sites into bedroom which is sort of critical if you’re going to revitalize a city brown the mem farm is a test case it is a modern-day farmstead they aren’t investing not only in the lane they’re building an educational center they’re growing vegetables that they supply to local brokers going all the way to rhode island’s to to Boston for example with their organic vegetables but they also kind of a meet si si I have sheep they have Angus they have different types of folk milking cows and have chickens that that supply the CSA so this you can say is a blend of sustainable farming and education this is Fred Daphne at quonset nurseries he is another new frontiersman of Agriculture Fred of rows with all microgreens in his greenhouses they’re essentially tiny the just adjust the bodies of the plant that you grow up and they are tense and flavor so if you had to say that visit one call in a cramped corn or something and it is so corny it’s unbelievable is it so good and the chef’s love it so he she uses the burger suit wehner in new bedford and they all over to some of the top of restaurants in the area and that is rose adjacent to it adjacent to him she is a chef and so what I should say is it a fogger today has to have a certain business acumen has to be creative has to be ingenious and they have to develop new markets for their products and they have to add value through invention and they also have to collaborate with chef I like that produce so this is chef Rosalie know she’s a real Italian powerhouse of you go into her kitchen to take a photograph she puts you two work three hours later after peeling onions she releases you you know and but what happened here is all of his projects came into the Grange and Dartmouth for a circle of friendship farm-to-table dinner and live auction and Oliver farm and I did this post here to show with all of the hands passing the vegetables or shaking roses hand to show that circle of synergy and collaboration between the chef and the farmers this summer 38 farms across the south coast of Cape Cod provided oysters Terry shown plans Jesus bread blossoms greens herbs vegetables of every flavor shape and color muscles pitched Berkshire hog Jordans our beef Johnny take Neal eggs fruits honey and flowers to enable you know chef Rosie bueno the host your tireless well volunteers myself included to create a memorable 74 celebration of summer within the commercial kidman kitchens of the Dartmouth range and so the chocolate courage i should mention also opens up their kitchens to local entrepreneurs we’re making everything from her NOLA to britts to pickles that they marketed on so once again it’s how to read that the farming and find new to markets the fibers of their guests toasted deceased in each other is the cmf time to table evening uploaded at oliver farm of your colleague five generations of having a farmer from modern family a family the male squash blossoms emerging cool storage at eva’s garden if you ever have a chance you should have a field trip to eat his garden she’s quite remarkable because it’s like Monet’s garden it’s in Dartmouth and she grows for chefs to come out and pick and move and uh and all beautiful flowers and variegated vegetables and the colors the shapes and the taste of just incredible and so she opened up her cooler to follow all of these squash blossoms that Rosa took to create a tempura a syrup with a flavorful on micro greens from Fred Daphne aquatic nursery and so just to show you how there’s a whole network of farms muscles arrived from the well fish in both the shellfish company they

were transformed into a consomme of herbs and garlic salad greens of every shape color and flavor with trunk with edible orange nasturtiums the grass-fed Jordan beef became a complex and delicious meat ball tasting a deal and paired with handmade ravioli stuffed with char others collage Berkshire hog for missing Ribbon Farm swim in moonshine sauce carefully boy distillery situate dogfish marinated overnight in st. hours clam broth and spicy became a cassoulet served with chocolate mint curbed Bulls blood beats and sauteed greens desserts followed from a decadent flourless chocolate torte to our Tarzan facia Bruta strawberry and blueberry johnnycake crumble with lavender served with jim’s organic coffee or Westport rivers vineyard and winery dessert ones it was quick email had wheel us out of cards at the end what stretchers the from farm to table is truly a memorable celebration the ingenuity of the local farmers to join hands in friendship with a talented chef to set the public bar to table events across the salt coast encourages to support by local farmers by buying fresh local produce to prepare real food for our family and friends poultry historic poultry on the south coast I’m going to come back to this 14 minute poultry was the second most important business in darkness in Westport the first was dairy the rhode island red chicken was developed in adams over an island where large bronze plaque commemorates their origin the rhode island red chicken is served as the primary producer of brown eggs since 1840 every farm in the region had chicken coops with their family use of her Commerce a drive along the back roads of the salt Coast reveals the two-story rectangular coups in various states of decaying throughout the region this is horse chestnut poultry farm what’s Justin poultry phone southwest fort was found in 1885 by each ink entered is nothing left except it’s now a horse farm his specialty was selling day-old chicks which are brewed in a hash and shipped and perfectly made boxes they both Lee to farm some homesteads in New England the farm started by raising come across chickens which would then replaced by the more productive profitable and vigorous Rhode Island Red chickens the price quoted from the January 1928 horse chestnut fun catalog was twenty-five dollars per 100 ships shipped I suppressor expressed on the earliest train the same day delivery who march april or may the horse neck farm christopher fog posted nine to ten thousand disease-free brooders each year to hatch the eggs the railroads connected dartmouth to Westport to New Bedford and fall river to Boston and to Cape Cod the network of train and trolley tracks for the 1940s allowing the farmer just shipped the consumer efficiently testimonials from Nantucket to Taunton to Tunbridge Vermont attest to the bigger ingredient of this l h bar strain of Rhode Island Red chickens raised in Westport dear mr. Gifford I got my chickens and nice once they are I never saw chickens sent out a nicer boxes everyone was warm and nice Here I am again sent you another money order for the last 200 checks now I’m going to write you a friendly letter about my chickens of course of which I’m so proud i hatched 135 of my own and put them in the same brew beer is your 300 making 435 which will be four weeks old tomorrow I’ve lost seven that died on the star the rest are all well and happy a lot of people have been by to see them and are still coming they’re the best I’ve ever had since sort Sincerely Yours gross walling harrisville Island so if you were to compare the connectivity of 19 of Dartmouth residents for example like yourselves today Leah the 1929 what you would find is that we really aren’t connected and what I’m going to do is just going to pass this around to you just showing oh you’re not connected of ezrin three so what we have first of all impasse hero was the streetcar routes that had been in operation as of 1929 and there were

20 roots and connection from Clark’s coat all the way to free time in the second that’s trolley cars in a second one is showing a railroad lines trolley lines and both lines it actually went from New Bedford jr. setting the stove is incredibly connected and then here’s the sort of sad example today of what you have for public transportation yeah so if you want to look at the evolution of the chicken industry for example it started about winning some of these smaller coops family-run everyone had chickens they’re all pretty much for self sufficient and then what happened so this is enforcement road is it started building hot as their it became very profitable to raise chickens for eggs and if the two-story chicken coop citrusy those were the Rhode Island Red chickens the one store for the meat birds so this is mrs. mr. Venus now this might look familiar to you maybe not this is the king poultry farm and so that is the what looks like that to family is not you see that with a double chimneys there that was the former in and stagecoach stop on for the stagecoach that ran from New Bedford to little confident at one time the barn is gone it back for the is disabled horses but this is humanity of Dartmouth campus there were three or four of these farms on site and what’s interesting about this is that it has a pretty amazing a backstory to it the king farm the King Fahd raised chickens for the table on land that have been absorbed by the University of Massachusetts on Old West Fork Road originally runs a dairy farm before World War two son Donald H king convinced his father to raising poultry meat birds and turkeys would be more profitable than milk at first they hatch their own chicks in the basement in root cellar burton store an old West Fork Road as the business grew they purchased day old white Cornish cross cockerel checks from a hatchery and Hudson New Hampshire which arrived in a bedroom by train the young rooster kmetz were injected with estrogen hormones too new to them so that their energy went to eating drinking and gaining weight McKay pet would have played 13 to 14 pounds and 15 weeks castrated pay phones by contrast increased in way to 16 pounds on dr broilers were marketed at five to seven pounds of eight weeks white Cornish cross chickens were prepared to minimize the unsalable dark and feathers on the skin there are two movable small peaked roofs chicken coops which I showed before were built to accommodate the growing free-range chickens however and with World War two the army contracted with the King family to supply live birds and long single story coupes were constructed on the king farm the best farm drew deveaux farm and Tony Sora’s farm to supply 150 160 thousand feet per it said for years grains were planted along the long coops to encourage foraging and grain and fresh water and electric lights were installed within the coops for a 24 hour feeding on at 4am one Manchester slaughterhouse trailer truck and two campeon ohs truck trucking Trek tractor-trailer trucks would arrive have been being weighted way in empty and empty and mellow sand and gravel pits platform scale which is across the way from UMass Dartmouth the birds were shepherded the loading dock side of the coops and forced into hinged catching pens with the chickens captured by the legs and groups of four and hand it up to another to hand to the truck trucker who placement wooden crates had helped twenty to thirty five to seven pound boilers were five to six capons Wayne 16 pounds the created chickens would be trucked to slaughter and shipped Camp Edwards on Cape Cod the army said that the palmarosa was allowed to make a living but not a prophet to supply the war effort the loaded trucks with the wage full and mellow sand and gravel pits platform scale and the difference in weight would pay 30 to 35 cents per pound to cover costs during six to thirty seven cents per punt will allow the farmers to make a profit on

the sale of his Birds after the war of the king farm truck robust chickens to the kosher market in New York City 500 to 1,000 calls of camel soup chickens hurt during the capture with broken legs while less healthy birds are purchased by the Chinese restaurants new metric for 10 to 12 cents per pawns but to cover the blue seal feed costs and it’s each coop was empty the manure shavings would be raped dog of hoopin picked up by the dairy farmers for the pastures donald cking explained House refused to leave grass fertilized by their own extra meds yeah the elite pasture grasses fertilized with chicken manure wood shavings once cleaned the coop identity wash dogs and disinfected that loads of sand would be brought to the font from mellow sand and gravel pit to spread on the coop floors for scratching pebbles used by the chickens to digest the grains in a crime the sand would then be covered with sawdust in wood shavings cleaned up a balloon construction company shoots they actually went to the sawmills and Donald was saying it was a dirty job I ever did in my life because they would literally clean out these shoots of all the shavings from the making of the loom which required very thin straps of wood cut to specification and this is used to construct silk and rayon rayon weaving looms there were long little reads they were dry they’re playing their shape doing silky brown and the textile mills that fall in fall river through 1960s by then the textile and poultry industries are moving salt the cost of heating and electrifying the coupes were were prohibitive the culture industries could no longer compete the farmers had to adapt to a changing market structure or sell their land to developers during the real estate boom for houses as darker than west work weekends have organized on the south coast so what do we do about it here you have dents and Elizabeth Prairie their coconut farms and in Dartmouth and that’s Donald king in the cowboy hat speaking to them and what’s interesting about this is that Vincent’s of has a degrees in wildlife management biology Elizabeth studied environmental science and education both come from failed or farming backgrounds Elizabeth’s own family I had the eol Soviet farm and orchard as in a multi-generational family farm now what’s interesting is that the the family has once again passed along this oral history and it’s it helped them to keep the fog intact also this was land that’s taken by the dartmouth and so with the congress today it is prohibitively expensive to operate a farm so in this case you get agricultural exemptions you get tax breaks that allow you to keep the property in farming plus you have multi-generation farming commerce who helped as family members for free labor otherwise is prohibited so what you have here is a Vincent and his little boy collecting Rhode Island grid eggs and next we go into the dairy operation and what’s what’s interesting I should I should just mentioned is that Vincent’s and their family are trying very hard to continue farming operations here and they’re growing something they’re here raising 1500 redleg heads they have 20 100 Cornish cross shortlist and 400 broad breasted white turkey poults that they grow for thanksgiving market and if you were to try an organic chicken and compared to a purdue chicken is absolutely no comparison what you have is the taste of honey and the springs for food and an incredible quality that you just can’t perceive unless you’re tied with a JRE i’m just going to take because I think we’re running running late here you’re dealing we’re the largest industry on the salt coast was

Jerry and this is health kill Jerry but today it’s museum quality and essentially it has it’s no longer profitable to to keep Gary cause because as the Sanchez brothers in westport main road will tell you they are paid twenty dollars per one hundred weight of milk it costs twenty-five dollars to produce undergoing well things five all as dirty hundred pounds about the Baker deuce so what they have to do is they have to channel the milk into Carl Santos’s operation which is called so the shine brothers chase here’s Carl linking collage which is a first I’ll chase and what Carlton is is he joined forces with a very savvy lady was into marketing and they developed this by going to France and finding out how it was done and so they make henna bells and after the shrine brothers saw mother in rosemary in classic French and laughter Baden and Charlotte and they also make a mozzarella and they make the collage and a1 which is interesting top rewards and are now listed in the top cheese shop in New York City and their wares are farmed out to that’s Murray said she shopped at 254 bleecker street new york saying and they they are farming out the cheeses to top restaurants such as Breslin that Danielle and perla and Dutch restaurant kind of using it in incredibly inventive ways so what the shy brothers have done is they’ve added value to the milk to keep the farm operation running and about Coast off the the slides with and repairing of its pineco dairy and what he does Romeo raw milk in the self or hate technology gallons of dollars per gallon and her people who are allergic to milk the products raw milk without the pasteurization modernization is actually true lactose intolerant people and as mostly has more health values and who has value for the value he’s going too far up her team up with his cousins who have the goldenrod Robin of fruit stands on horse neck road to make a fruit yogurt so that’s that’s the hope so what you’re seeing here is the farmers who are trying to get a fair price for their product so that can cover the costs and they can afford to support a family which is hard to do these days when they’re competing with factory farms in the Midwest for example where heavily subsidized so so that is is an edited version through my lodger who can come to you to any type is going to be a nicotine Shaddix gallery and pepper in march around for congressman fishers butchers works and tools thank you