the first presenter will be Dyan quorum e cornman levy and Diane Corman Levy’s executive director of the Federation of neighborhood centers of Philadelphia this is a hundred and three year old organization it’s a nonprofit organization that actually works to help out and to oversee 12 different neighborhood centers in very low resource communities within Philadelphia so she has provided and developed innovative community based training programs including teen entrepreneurship programs innovative job developing programs for low-skilled adults and she has focused exclusively on Philadelphia and what she can show us for the story that she’ll be able to show us is how much can be done with tenacity with consistent leadership creativity and commitment to the low-income neighborhoods within one city so she Diane will be leading off followed by dr. grace Jonas who is an urban anthropologist who has worked on poverty in coping strategies of women all over the world she’s the former director of community research and development for the Center for religion and civic culture at the University of Southern California she’s also the founder and senior researcher at the Institute for transnational research and development in Pasadena California and her research has focused on women and economic development homelessness street living women and children and the role that non-government organizations NGOs can play in community transformation she also brings considerable expertise and understanding of how faith-based organizations work for social change so she believed she brings to this panel important perspectives on migration on homelessness and the role of religion for women and children in impoverished urban settings she’ll be going as number two number three will be Jane golden Jane had just received she was a youngster she just received her degree in fine arts and political science at Stanford when the the mayor of Philadelphia ask her to come and address this terrible problem with graffiti that was plaguing the city and so here she was this young person and she started looking at the street activity and recognized the raw artistic talent of many of these graffiti writers and she began to work with them not just to counter them fight them you know combat them which was what she was asked to do but she instead began to work with them and transform their graffiti to extraordinary public art in the modest beginning of that program she has subsequently developed the Philadelphia mural arts program which is created in the city alone 3,000 murals it’s involved over 20,000 youth she didn’t stop just creating start with stop with just creating art she also has all kinds of job development programs and she’s working with women she’s working with prisoners in in the poorest communities I think her work on this panel demonstrates the power of art to break the cycle of violence and to create a vision of hope which inspires all of us as we live and work in this beautiful city every day Thank You Jane and then last but definitely not least is David gue Vernon did I say that right pretty right he originally trained as an architect at Harvard no an arc attack and i think it was nuraghe way actually and then he became a expert in urban design at harvard he has been the director inven Laila of the urban development of Venezuela and he has worked not just on individual projects but on slums on favelas in cities all over the world and particularly in Latin America he brings incredible hope and and solutions to the problems of urban slums and I think with

a unique focus on the environment and so I hope that you will enjoy the panel as much as I and let’s go Diane I’m gonna good morning welcome to Philadelphia for those who are not here I’m really delighted to be here on a topic that’s so important as women’s health and as a as it was briefly said that I’m ahead of a federation neighborhood centers which is a network of 12 neighborhood centers that are located so in the poorest neighborhoods in Philadelphia and collectively we provide a health and human services to seventy seventy-five thousand children youth and families per year and we provide a really a holistic approach to dealing with the needs of families and I’m going to kind of talk about women’s health in the context of family health because i think when we really talk about the health of women women are usually the primary caregivers other of their children that we really are talking about family health and i just want to give you some brief statistics in relation to our city here in Philadelphia at twenty four percent Philadelphia has a third highest poverty rate among United States cities in terms of a Philadelphia health management corporation who does a lot of assessments in our city around health issues the latest survey in a case of twenty-nine percent of adults and twenty-eight percent of children in Philadelphia are obese eighty-nine percent of adults and eighty-five percent of children fewer than recommended five fruits and vegetables daily twenty-seven percent rate their fresh produce in their community as fair or poor forty-seven percent of adults had takeout food at least once in the past week and in Philadelphia fifty-five percent adults are physically active at least three times per week and forty-five percent are active about three times per week related to this some of the health statistics and some of the poorest neighborhoods in Philadelphia ten percent report having heart conditions twelve percent are diabetic thirty-six percent of high blood pressure thirty-five percent are overweight twenty-nine percent are obese among children new twenty-seven percent of asthma eighteen percent are overweight twenty-six percent or obese they also rated grocery stores as for or pay fair or poor in their neighborhoods and actually among some of the largest cities we are the we have fewer groceries major grocery stores in these neighborhoods in the entire country so access to fresh food and good quality food is a huge issue among people that living in our neighborhoods in Philadelphia another statistic came out one in four Philadelphians had to skip work up meals due to lack of money this past year that means 360,000 people in 100,000 children had to skip or cup meals due to lack of money and also Philadelphia area ranked among the hungriest in the nation only second to bronx new york in the latest study so basic needs such as food is huge and it’s really worth it’s really increasing our neighborhood centers provide food covers and they found an average thirty five percent increase in people coming to their doors to get food for their for themselves and for their children and unfortunately we just don’t have the resources to meet those needs so what do we been doing what are some creative examples of and solutions that we can actually do that a really neighborhood-based and about two thousand four i actually was running a neighborhood center in North Philadelphia and as if you know anything about Philadelphia there are thousands of vacant lots and I don’t even know what the number is you might know Jane it’s huge it’s as thousands 41-50 it’s like 41 it’s like 41,000 vacant lots it’s just a huge amount of vacant lots in Philadelphia and these are sources of drug activities trash I mean really safety issues and when I was in North Philadelphia I actually met with community leaders and not but not I’m not wasn’t surprised at all the more african-american women and they’re all either mothers or grin or grandmothers and we SAT around and we actually said you know what are some of the needs in your community and they started dressing all kinds of things we don’t have grocery stores we don’t have access to healthy food these vacant spaces are sources of violence for our children and they even talked about the recreation centers as not being safe places so even their playgrounds that were not taken care of were places of violence and they couldn’t they couldn’t let their children go there so we talked about a lot all these issues and we said well how do we even begin to address this the other issue that came up and we’re talking about women’s health is women mothers and grandmothers worry about their children every day we all do right as mothers and I said if you want to help our health help the health of our

children provide safe places for our children give them get again I’m engaged in activities that not only keep them off the streets but guilt really get some skills and opportunities that so they don’t out not end up living a life of poverty like we do so we said okay let’s think about this there’s vacant spaces we don’t have access to healthy food in this neighborhood the the closest grocery store was about five miles away the recreation centers are not only antiquated and rundown there’s drug dealings happening trash is being thrown so the children can even go there so we said okay there’s multiple problems well with the beauty of this is when you organize women and you start organized organizing them around their children they get very passionate and creative so we said okay let’s start with getting a parcel of land and actually said can we transform it into a garden and I said better yet let’s transcend let’s transform it into an urban farm where we actually grow our own food for our community great idea and then they said well how do we gauge children particularly teens because there’s more programs for younger children but teens is a huge issue and the violence among teens is really escalating in our city how do we engage youth that that in a meaningful way that rule again helps them build skills provide a positive support network for teens so I said well let’s create a youth-led business let’s have the youth start this urban agricultural business so after six months of negotiating with the Department of rec recreation here in Philadelphia we actually got a parcel of land and actually this slide is is our first urban farm and Jane golden is actually was involved in this too we said can we get this small half an acre a little less than half an acre lot and actually start an urban farm and they were very like I don’t know about this and you’re really going to get teenagers to farm in the city you know they laughed at me and I don’t know anything about farming so I said you know what let’s try so we actually organized five youth under the leadership of some of the women leaders in that community and we secured this parcel of land and the youth and we and then we built a team we said what do we need to do to make this happen and this is where I think the keynote speaker this morning was talking about getting the way organizing women getting them all in the decision-making process and then how do we bring resources in to make this happen so we brought in on the Pennsylvania horticultural society Philadelphia green which actually is really committed to transforming vacant spaces into green functional safe spaces and they had the expertise to do this so they came on board we had no money zero so we got the land from the department rack Philadelphia Greene said listen we’ll provide expertise to do this will help you get some seedlings just get it started so we actually started this first urban farm and again it’s in the heart of its in heart of this neighborhood and we engage we started 18 a youth entrepreneurship program I’m telling you that what this is done in terms of some of the women in the neighborhood is one now we we start with five youth we now have eight urban farms in the city and we have we employ about 100 teenagers every summer so what’s beautiful about this is the teens are running these business they’re creating fresh produce for the neighborhoods they’re engaged in positive activities they’re learning very important skills in terms of life skills business skills they’re building a network and it’s and the mothers are not worried about their youth things that involve in this program because they’re involved in spoken throughout the year the same time it was a solution to trying to create access to healthy food in these neighborhoods so last year these we had six farms were starting to new tune 53 minutes we produced about 7,000 pounds of food twenty-five percent were actually donated to food cupboards so actually the youth are actually supplying food cupboards in that neighborhood they actually generated about six thousand dollars of revenue money goes back to the youth this is another great thing it’s helping women’s health because women and you know if women have to spend money on themselves or spending on the children for book supplies for whatever it is clothing these kids are now making money that they can now support themselves they were able to buy their books supplies for the year they were able to get some clothing you know so that so this is I want to really to spring up the whole issue that women’s health is really a family health issue so this is just one model that of what we’re doing and Jane gold is going to speak later with his first urban farm we also talked just real quickly they were it was very important to have a visual display of the great community leaders in that neighborhood and there because again they want their voices heard and they said we want to have a mural of these

great leaders and we said well who should we talk to jangle so Jane actually made that happen so this urban form that you see up here is not just an urban farm it’s also a beautiful place half of its a beautiful place for people to come and congregate they have like health Fair’s they have just community events and then they have this visual display of great community leaders that the mural arts did so we integrated art into food access into a safety green space into youth entrepreneurship so it’s a very integrative approach to doing on a local level and my time is up so thank you good morning I’m grace darkness and it’s a pleasure to be with you in two as an urban planner you know I wondered why I should be at this conference but I have definitely caught on as to how definitely integrated our urban environment is with health and that’s what I’ve been working on many years I want to thank cloudy especially for the great introduction to our panel because you set the stage for an absolutely perfect way for us my own story begins in Costa Rica I’m from Costa Rica and and it begins with my mother actually as a little girl taking me with her when she was working with slum women in at the margins and she was teaching them skills and my mother would say do centro por los dedos he transformed a la vida de las mujeres in English that means God enters through the fingers and transforms the lives of the women and at that early age I then began to see an integration of faith in action that ended up you know transforming my own life years later I was in the Philippines lived in the slums of Manila and tried to study for my masters in urban anthropology how women coped with a situation in which they lived and since then that has been kind of the the focus of my work in my research and I have been now having done research in Tanzania Kenya Oakland Los Angeles which is where I live now and I teach at USC in the area of advocacy planning social context of planning because I feel that that’s exactly what we need we need advocate planners for the complex urban environments in which we live so many women are drawn by the economic opportunities and maybe also freedom and equality to get into the cities and you know they often arrive really unprepared for what they encounter when they arrive in that city they have discrimination prejudice all kinds of things and often become engaged in the informal sector of the economy working in all kinds of more tional occupations we’ve heard throughout the course of these days exactly that situation so I will not elaborate nor does my time help allow me to elaborate but I do want it to look at ways in which women cope with life at the margins what have I found as I’ve been listening and talking with my phaser my friends who have become my friends they really do I’ve learned that Chinese a dodge women do hold up half the sky this is exactly what i have found by listening to these women so I’m going to just share for things which I know Dobby is going to share some others that I also agree with and have found but the first one is that cities as Claudia said cities are a space for opportunity for women so you know they provide a way in which women even though they may seem like they are invisible and disempowered in their class of workers yet they do have opportunities in the city that they didn’t have back home and what I found is actually no matter what the job is that these women have in the end they really find that it gives them a source of income which gives them a position of power within their own families and within their own communities something that they have been able to use to strengthen their position in the home and to be able to provide in a way that they’d weren’t able to provide so you know when I wonder sometimes well why don’t they go back home to the rural place and I asked Eileen Lita in the in Manila I said you know why don’t you go back you’re a you’re living here in its very poor situation and she said ah here is where I my dreams are being realized she said it is here I wished we could have had a

hone home and now i have my own home it’s difficult but i am very thankful that this is where i am and it doesn’t matter that it is just a Shack it is hers and this provides that opportunity the same is true for the mothers in East LA that I work with where you know they’re from Mexico and have lived now for years because we know that these places become permanent dwelling and not just trans transitory places and I ask them also Maria told me no I’m not going back to Mexico I don’t want to go back my husband has gone back but I am much better off here so really the new city becomes a permanent dwelling places and despite the challenges it that the women face it still remains a place for opportunity so making those spaces safer for them is exactly what we want to do the second thing that I want to just bring to our attention is that women form ties that bind they form strong social networks that support them in the midst of negotiating the complex world in which they’re living my daughter Andrea darkness in her forthcoming book relates how a group of Latina women really gathered weekly in the kitchen of one of the mothers to strategize for reform in the schools they were attending and for the mothers that came together for change in the small school system in Oakland the home really became a place for healing and resistance and a base for Community Change and indeed for me I have seen that the home is a center for community transformation and solidarity and it’s a key strategy for women that I have worked with for example Southeast Asian refugees from men from from Laos who were men people they threw their home connected with a group of American women and through the sharing and telling of stories and developing trust relationships these home gatherings help them verbalize the trauma that they had gone through when they found American women who actually validated their stories and news began to see even physical ailments leave as this kind of relationship built so you know this kind of solidarity really helps women and in the in this picture that you see here you see also in many of the slums women develop a way in which they support one another in their own income generation women will cook and sell things in the industry itself things and market stalls but what happens if you get sick you then will not be able to meet the needs of your customers and they’ll leave you and go to somebody else so another woman in your group will go and cook for you and deliver that food to your customers so that you will not lose your customer base and in return the next time I will do the same for them and so this is a way in which these solid networks come to help women cope with the situation in which they find themselves the third the third one is really caring for other people reaching out and we find that happening so often all over a proxy this is a woman who lives in the slums of key betta in Nairobi one of the biggest slums in East Africa and she started reaching out to street children and now has 500 kids that she’s taking care of well you know out of that kind of caring women find a sense of purpose and meaning in the midst of the situation that they find themselves and so this is another coping strategy really that i have found reaching out and caring for others and finally i want to talk about the role of religion because religion does many migrant women in our cities and other places turn to religion they come from religious backgrounds and when they arrive in the city this is the place where they know they find someone with a common background so whether it’s the priest or the rabbi or whoever it is it is this kind of coming together both at an individual level as well as an organizational level that has helped many women cope Ernestina talks about the role that prayer plays in transnational mothers mothers who care for kids here while they’re trying to care for kids back home and they pray to God to help with them with the challenges they pray to God for God to help them to keep their children safe where they are back home and in some prayer is the one way in which transnational mothers and fathers transcend distance between their

families and while the distance is still felt on some level it helps them cope with that separation but religion is also an arena for mobilization and civic participation and solidarity and here i really want to qualify my statement because i also know that religion can do exactly the opposite it can be a place for disempowerment and persecution of women and so i’m not talking about that type of religion i’m talking about the more progressive style of religion interfaith coalition’s can really see be a way in which women can be supported an example in Los Angeles there’s an organization called clergy and laity United for economic justice and these this group of clergy and laity have come together to stand by hotel workers most of the hotel workers including the ones that are serving us here are invisible to most of us we don’t even notice who they are and yet they are caring for our needs while we’re in this hotel these workers often are not under any contract they don’t have benefits they now with these new puffy down covers that get put on our beds they’re hurting their backs as they shake these and they have no health benefits so clue clergy and laity United came together with the hotel workers and said okay let’s ask for YouTube to become a part of the Union so that you will have rights let’s get contracts from the hotel workers and through demonstrations and actions and meeting with the CEOs they have really found that these hotels have responded and they have signed contracts with seven of the key hotels in Los Angeles and it is starting to multiply through this the women have found that they have a voice they have found courage to speak up with a clergy standing behind them how could they not speak up and tell their CEO exactly what’s happening to them and so I think these are positive ways in which religion really helps women cope with the situation in which they’re they’re located in the city thank you very much thank you thanks everyone I’m really honored to be here today so I just want to say so in Philadelphia we have 3225 indoor and outdoor murals that we’ve created since 1984 I know it’s great it’s a city with art but more importantly it’s a city where art has been created by people with people with young people we serve two thousand young people annually employed 350 artists every year work in six area prisons work in shelters and believe really deeply that every citizen has a right to have art in their life but our program has really been driven for many many years by the spirit of women starting in nineteen eighty four when I met miss Rachael bagby and miss willie Mae Bullock at North Philadelphia and we were going door-to-door to see where we could do a mural people said we really quite frankly don’t want art in our neighborhood because our neighborhoods been impoverished for 20 years what is art going to do and we were very tenacious it was me the graffiti writers well former graffiti writers we had an undercover police car that was dented when you beep the horn the trunk flew open it was very mysterious I never quite figured it out but we had real willpower and a belief that art could transform space and so finally people invited us in and Miss bag we looked at me and she said you know Jane the only visual stimulation we have in this neighborhood are billboards advertising alcohol and tobacco our kids will never have beauty and I could say miss bagby I believe this then I believe it now this is why murals are great because murals make art accessible to everyone I of galleries and museums art does not belong behind those walls exclusively period so I said so what can we do what do you want and she said well things are usually done to us are not done we want murals of family farms in the south we want our kids and grandkids to know where we grew up and then somebody else said we want dr. King or we want Malcolm X and you know what we started to go out and we did this work but the women the women they became our early mentors and our role models and sources of inspiration because they were pushing the boulder up the mountain with very few resources and so for us we thought well if they can do it we can do it we can join forces with them so we started doing murals and the murals became a tipping point people started to go from seeing their neighborhood in terms of it being a liability to really seeing potential we were able to mine the catalytic power of art and put it to work and you know something we saw firsthand that murals were a sign that things could change and people cared but was it was driven by the spirit of these incredible leaders and block captains

then we went down to Nora’s square and there Thomas itza romero and eras brown said to me you know what we get from the city has said what they said in spanish and i’m not very good at spanish so i would brutalize it but it means the tail of the cow and they said that’s what we get will you join forces with us and we said yes and so we would meet them on Saturday morning so we’d take the trash away and they would stare down the drug dealers and we’d help pressure the police and we try to help demystify city government we designed a little resource guide and my former boss would call us all the time it’s a Jane golden the streets commissioner said that a group of artists reported the pothole problems was that you and I would say guilty as charged and we were just weaker because we were out there on the frontlines of social change and it was incredibly inspiring and exciting here is a mural that was done down there by an artist from Cuba and then and then we were anti-graffiti to 1996 and then in 1997 anti-graffiti was restructured and we were made part of the Department of Recreation governor Rendell who was mayor at the time said that he would save the little art program told us to come up with a name for ourselves we said the mural arts program and he said jangled and you’re going to be in charge which was good news bad news we’d have much money but we were able to leverage public funds in private dollars and we got on our feet as a pro art program this was one of the first pieces we did and the artist said the young women i’m working with she was teaching in high schools all over the city they have a certain dignity to their stature and i want to do a mural that celebratory of young people in the city but i want the lead figure 88 feet tall to be a young woman this is called common threads it’s a broad and spring garden and I want to tell you something you know in the world of public art there’s high art and then there’s murals and what this mural did was it stop people in their tracks and they saw mural painting and something with dignity and receive at the respect it deserved and saw it in this tradition of mural ism starting with the Mexican muralists so this was a wonderful project but for me and advocate for kids in the city and especially thinking about young women and their struggle with identity and respect and representation this mural was key thank you and then I want to talk about this project what I want you to see is that the public art can be created not just by a lone practitioner but with kids and with the spirit of the community here the women leaders in the neighborhood said with there used to be a time in this neighborhood where we sat on the roof we have picnics uppers we’d look at the stars it was so safe and we dream and now we can’t do that so we said well we want to capture that pass but reference the future and there was this young woman on the block who was so wonderful and so we put her in this mural to inspire and this mural was created by kids in one of our programs kids who have dropped out of school but kids who have strengths and gifts and talents that have just been unrecognized and that’s part of our responsibility it is a moral imperative to provide young people with every option and opportunity possible and here we have reach high and you can go far again we give voice to people who have not had a voice and then I want to talk about the way we can physically transform the urban landscape in Philadelphia we don’t see the glass half full we don’t see it half empty we see it half full this was a space that was totally expendable it was with trash crack vials syringes and we said let’s change it we worked with incredible women again in this neighborhood that’s Miss Jones she has been a beacon in this neighborhood of Mantua for many years and then we work in prisons we work in the women’s isn’t at Riverside and here we have a great six-story mural that was created by a wonderful artist but also with many women from Riverside women who felt they didn’t have a chance when we work in lots of Prisons when I go into the women’s prison I feel the sense of poverty in this country that there are women who will not come up for air and so we say let’s provide them with every opportunity possible as well we have a reentry program we’re putting people to work doing meaningful things and now the people that have been in prison are now role models themselves and it’s very inspiring and then we would work in neighborhoods torn apart by crime and violence and again this is about the impact and consequences of violent crime and we worked with people in prison victims and victims advocates hundreds of people worked on this and we came up with a collective vision that what we want for the city of Philadelphia is that it become a safe safer healthier city with opportunities for young people this is called the healing walls and then a project like this called legacy with a million pieces of Venetian glass painted in part the second half with by people who are a greater furred prison again this has become a beacon and then we work with the office of behavioral health where we’re looking at our work not just as art but as health and we are working to access mental health resources we’re trying to overcome the stigma of mental illness addiction and homelessness we have a project where we have given that’s where we have given looms to shelters all over the city and we’re doing weavings and in all the

shelters and there’s a beautiful wall that we’re doing at thirteenth and market and what the work does it gives people dignity and respect and make sure that their voices are heard and at the same time we’re physically transforming the landscape because everyone deserves to have beauty and their lives and there’s a quote that I want to end by and it says people need to create their own history to leave traces of themselves and the meanings they generate in their lives they feel a need to give expression to their community to leave trails to say we are here and to create beauty beyond beauty people are looking for meaning and that’s what we see at mural arts it is truly the privilege of our work we have an informal motto in our office that model is that art saves lives and the gift of the work is that no matter where I go whether it’s a Riverside prison or whether it’s an after-school program in a church or recreation center whether it’s a greater for prison or whether any it’s at any one of the shelters where we’re working right now what we see is the resilience of the human spirit and that is certainly a triumph and I you know something the victory is always sweeter when you understand truly understand the obstacles that people had to overcome and so I say that art does save lives and it has a profound impact on all of our lives thank you Bravo after that presentation I have to improvise and change my entire script well I get out of this is that at the center of this discussion what we need is energy leaders motivators to make a change I think that’s the one can get out of a conference of this type um I’ll try to be as you say in Spanish rain over wet or soil because many things have been said already but employer communities women take the brunt carry the responsibility of raising their families providing shelter and shielding their children from drugs and violence I truly believe that is a direct connection between the quality of the urban environment and quality of life are improvements in the urban turf can reduce violence improve productivity enhance sociability are enhanced identity uh huhs has been mentioned today our poor communities tend to be at the fringe whether we’re speaking with her wealthy cities or developing cities they’re out there they’re not in the center course in the areas of sensuality therefore people in the poor communities do not have access to jobs to services to amenities they have to move and transportation was an issue that was tacked them already so hey how do we deal with these communities that tend to be at the fringe and since we’re dealing with health and medicine the immature can come to me is acupuncture and that has to do with selecting areas that are probably the most violent but already there’s community leadership there’s some sort of transportation there’s a vacant lot there’s a desire there’s a good school so the first magic is to select the appropriate spots now we have two different models usually we have in the developing world as the images that we see here are these varias is favelas are highly congested there’s no accessibility there’s no public space they’re not even roads for police surveillance to put in an ambulance in a case of an emergency to withdraw garbage and as it was mentioned before in cities like specially in the Northeast and the post industrial cities we have vacancies so they have two different models so to create these areas of action of sensuality they’re very different according to the context but the ideas are similar I will try to illustrate and probably an example may be a role model to follow is the case of Medellin in Colombia madigan drug cartels it was considered the most violent city in the planet statistically a major city of Fajardo who was a brilliant math teacher he set a goal he said how can I reduce violence and increase opportunities for social mobility and reduce inequalities that was a mathematical problem he happened to be the son of planners and architects and landscape architects so he had the two sides of the brain working the strategy the political and also the care of spatial things and he said well he took the example and these are images of Medellin most of the barrios were up in the hills secluded no way to get there and that’s why the drug gang gangs and the drug lords operated in the secluded Barrios so how do we get into these bottles up on the hill without disrupting them like houseman putting avenues through Paris and he intervention something very clever aerial gondolas ski lifts there no

scallops in Colombia in the tropics but he said if we take these ski lips lick lips we connect the formal city up to the barrio minimum displacement because you only have the pillars of the ski lift and where we have a station and we can see it in the image on the far left over there you’re right ah you create the station and this creation station needs space to land and as all stations an area of mobility around them you have accessibility and you produce change so what did he do he called out public space he placed the best schools he said let me map in the city where all the facilities are the schools the hospitals are the cultural facilities and we’re not and exactly there were there were not around the station’s he built the best libraries with the best access to internet the best access to information the best and free theaters he says the distressed neighborhoods need the best quality services and that’s what he did he created these areas of centrality in those that never imagined they could have it and then it’s not only the physical aspects he managed them concerts art programs or organizations to tap the internal forces to produce income that was also as addressed earlier in the conference today and lo and behold people from the middle class that had never ventured in to this other culture to the other side of the coin started going up in these gondolas and enjoying the concerts in the poor neighborhoods and bring it together the two societies where that’s a tremendous lesson um just to finish arm this is an interesting story it’s really when I I witnesses I knew the actor of this toy arm to get the kids off the streets of the gangs after the physical improvements have been made and this program of cultural activities and rebirth of of the battles are they got facilitators kids that were asked to go around with flyers inviting the community to the events ok so this youngster he had his all his flyers and he went near him Street by street and he knocked on the door of this lady she opened the door he sees the flyer the kid said please come tomorrow this is incredible event we came in Carlos birthday which is this great salsa guy in Colombia I mean it’s fantastic in the heart of the barrio please come and she handed her the flyer the woman received a flyer close the door and then realized that this kid had killed her own son three months ago whew she immediately Hank went to the city on the gondola and said I want to speak for Cydia fajardo with the mayor and said listen you know nothing’s going to bring my kid back but how this type approach have been placed before many mothers would not have been in the situation that i am god bless you i’m going to the concert we should all go to the concert thank you I think we need to have our mics there on that’s great I’m going to ask the panelists each the same question and you have one minute to give your answer and that is and we’ll start with Diane and we’ll just work through the order of the chairs if you had one recommendation one action that you would recommend as a solution to these problems what would you suggest I is it is it on yes it is uh I think there’s a common thread here is I think organizing women that are leaders in that community and actually organizing them or around an issue that they can actually act on is something that and that’s doable is something I was drawing recommend because it really what you’ll find out is that the creativity that comes from the women in that neighborhood the solutions are there so it’s a matter of just organizing them and then bringing in the resources and building those partnerships around an issue that they can address now we addressed a couple issues in terms of food access engaging their youth and generating income for their youth but that came out of the women out of organizing them and now it we’re actually dealing with multiple issues with one solution so that’s what I would recommend and the area of restorative and criminal justice because I think that art although not a total solution is certainly part of it and we have excellent statistics and re-entry program for women coming especially women who are coming out of prison providing women with meaningful opportunities the power to learn that they are creative when they’re incarcerated tapping into that talent and that strength when they come out and putting them to work doing I think the reason mural arts a successful at reentry is because the work has meaning and relevance and people can acknowledge

their gifts and then using that as a platform and to have them move on to another point in their life I think it’s absolutely critical and those of you who are thinking about you know what do about the popular population of people weren’t car serrated what we do with young women coming out of residential placement we have seen that arts programs arts programs that are sustained over longer periods of time that start in institutions and are carried out when they come out if we can put people to work especially women we have seen an outpouring of talent creativity and success I want to emphasize the organizing of women but in a way that really is allowing women to be the main power brokers I think that that very often you know governments I know planners will go out and say yeah we had a focus group with with the people and so we know what the people want right um well you know that’s not what I’m talking about I’m talking about the ability to bring women together as key players in the communities making sure and I really loved what Claudia said where is the diversity of women not just a token woman and not just one from one ethnic background particularly in our cities where we have so much diversity in our cities we need to have this diversity represented in the coalition’s that we pull together and to not neglect the religious community because they carry so much weight within these neighborhoods and we need to educate the religious leaders about issues and so they need to be part of these coalition’s hopefully to learn from the women who are speaking there so yes let’s form these partnerships these coalition’s let’s bring government into that so that government can be listening in a real way and learn from them hmm that made it easy for me yes because yes a very because on the messages that change can be achieved and we have to learn from successful experience so we select the best politician the best community leader the developer and the technicians we get them to work together and we show them what has been achieved in other places we don’t have to invent the wheel I know and show how they did it and let’s go ahead with vigor and adapt it to each of our communities okay i’m going to ask a question i have the prerogative so i think one of the challenges is in cities is the different turf battles that every sector has you know whether it’s planning transportation whether its food systems whether it’s schools and all of you have addressed some way of integrating those but that’s very hard to do and I wondered if one of you want to talk about effective strategies to try to really bring all of these stakeholders to work together well I think that it needs to come from the top I mean you know what all you need leadership at the top to open the door a crack and you can go in and you can make change but what you need is you need empowered inspired open-minded leaders who believe in an integrated model of government I was really lucky you know I had the good fortune to work with Estelle Richmond and she was like a mentor to me still in the audience yeah I don’t think distance oh my god oh my dear how do you like I can’t believe I don’t see that I should wear my glasses so so and it still you know she was like you know Jane you’re gonna be at the table and so is DHS public health I mean that was a whole model of social services that we would all be around the table you could talk about working together I think that’s critical and I want Diane to talk about this too oops okay still working um I think when you actually have a solution that really is addressing a need that’s defined by the women and the leaders in that community and they come up with a creative solution and then you pull the partners and say this is a clear this is the role that each one’s plays and how you can actually make this a reality and then have a small success I think that’s really a way to engage partners I mean with this urban farming program we brought in Philadelphia Greene we brought in the apartment of rec department department of rec Recreation and Parks right now is allowing us to have any land we want on any recreation center that’s phenomenal that they’re saying you could take it over you can change this into urban farms that we trust you now and that’s a huge partnership because now we have access to land that we can transform but that came because they saw a committed group

of leaders and youth and they had a small success in one neighborhood we are now partnering with shoprite grocery stores shoprite grocery store is now saying we want you to grow for us so we now have a potential source of tremendous revenue for the youth that are involved in this program so I think it’s really integrated in into this is is if if you have the leadership at the neighborhood level and they’re coming up with solutions that are dressing really key issues that our mayor and our city governments facing like food access how to engage you is how do you clean up these neighborhoods they need partners they really need partners the government and they wants to creative solutions and so so that’s I think that’s how you build some of this how you integrate it into into into a larger scale please TF uh well just to emphasize the leadership I think that is important but the leaders need to be informed from the grassroots and that’s that’s the key and the leader needs to be transformed by the grassroots let me give a quick example in jaco it’s a beach city in Costa Rica you may have seen it on on house hunters international you know they always want to buy in jaco which i always think that’s ridiculous that that place is a it’s been really over developed and the result has been you know a lot of waste waters going into the ocean and polluting the ocean so a very real problem for the community itself and so they came up with an innovative and creative way of dealing with this problem they formed a coalition with the Department of Health the Department of Tourism the the mayor’s office the police and they formed this group every tuesday morning at nine o’clock in the morning this group gets together and says okay which of the buildings are not meeting the standards of waste management that we have required and they go together and they inspect that building and so if the if there’s an issue from any of these departments immediately it gets addressed because there’s a representative there so it is but they have to they learn this the mayor learned this because of the people saying we can’t stand this happening anymore in our community and because their voices inspired the mayor to say how do we deal with it together they were able to do it so I think it’s important to have the visionary leaders but they have to be very well informed by the grassroots good oh the only thing I would like to add to that is that usually the bureaucratic aspects of public policy are so heavy especially in the United States to go through the red tape the legal restrictions that you need visionary leaders that can bend the rules or work outside of the rules and demonstrate that changes are possible and these liaison with the community leadership and with communicators that can facilitate with energy processes of change is so important because it’s very difficult to dismantle bureaucracy yeah yeah great I’m going to read one of the questions from the audience and this one says that there are real problems with structural inequality with men and women and that that we do not promote the ability of poor men or young men to provide for their families so how do you support young men to promote their family well-being and support emotionally and financially for the women in their lives so it’s focusing on young men what we have I mean enormous you know we have eight programs and several of them really do focus on while we focus on young women we also have direct focus on young men so and I think that because our programs are about creating community public art there is a sense of caring and empathy that’s critical to developing them in order to work with us because they have to think about the well-being of the community and so we work with them individually and that translates to family and that translates to community so it’s a way of connecting them to the world they are disconnected alienated isolated and it’s no wonder that there is no way for them to reach out and connect with it with a young woman or if they’re a father they have their 14 years old they have a child they are absolutely like they’ve landed from Mars and so very strategically and carefully we try to cultivate in them a sense of humanity and that is what’s really important and I think any good program that’s worth anything is going to do that and it has to be done over a longer period of time not a four-week program it will take

several years but they can change Diane yeah yeah through our mr. working through our program um we actually have more young men and women in our in our urban farming program and we have about sixty five percent adolescent males and on the average they stay with us for three years so it’s not just a summer internship and it really is a leadership program and it’s building um it’s let me go it’s doing to is several things it’s building a network of young men and women which is great that they’re working together I had to say we need to have them work together instead of separating them because i think these violence issues needs to be addressed with both men and women so we’re actually doing a lot with creating co gender leadership teams with the young men and women through this program and i think they’re starting understand how do they support each other how do they work together as young men and women and then they’re actually really creating leadership skills for example we had a group of young men and women go to a conference in washington and do a presentation we had the White House staff come and actually visit one of our urban farms and the young men and women actually gave presentations USDA is now parting with us and now providing internships for for youth in this program to do that are interested in agriculture so I think if you provide opportunities particularly because we’re talking about women but women’s health is definitely related to men because men like James is saying particularly men of color our feeling is so ostracized undervalued they don’t even feel like they should be they don’t feel like their caregivers of their families and so what we’re doing is through this program we’re also allowing young men to mentor younger students so we have students coming from K through eighth grade coming into the farms and they actually are teaching these young kids so men are starting to get that sense of caregiving you know it’s like women are not just caregivers men are care and they need to be caregivers so I think we’re pulling them into that role in a kind of indirect way and we don’t use anti violence this is not an anti-violence program right right we don’t need to talk about that this is about leadership this is about you are an asset to your community or an asset to your family or an ass to the kids in the school you’re an asset it’s a strength-based approach that’s we don’t that’s how we focus that’s okay that’s how we work with these young men and we do either of you want to I cannot add on to that that’s a fabulous yeah here’s a question how do you ensure sustained enthusiasm in the mobilized community after an intensive intervention how do you keep it up well I would say we build really strong partners wherever we go and that it you have to I mean I think that many of the changes we have that happened occur you know when we’re there but I would say the larger percentage of changes happen when we’re gone and you structure your engagement so that’s what occurs so consequently because we’re within part with city government we bring in city services we do the work and we set it up so that there’s a six-month plan of action what’s gonna happen after we’re gone so in a sense you’re creating a strategic plan every where you work now that’s a lot of work we do 100 major projects a year but I think it’s necessary because we don’t want to just be art that’s parachuted down from the sky and then it’d be a random experience it has to be part of something larger so it calls in the beginning to be more planful to look at what else is going on around the city to work with CDC’s and community organizations about a larger plan we now create master plans we work with urban planners and architects and landscape architects to try to look at the broader picture of this community and their health six months out a year out three years out so if you see if you come to a mural arts event you’re going to see people who worked with us in 1998 in grace very Strawberry Mansion Nora square south west philly people have been have remained connected to us but more importantly this work is about capacity building and sustainability and if it’s not then we’re doing something i’d like to just um bounce right off of that a capacity building is is key I know that in the groups that I work with in Kenya and it’s been through another in Los Angeles as well but one of the things that I myself do is really work on teaching women skills for assessment participatory evaluation of the programs their own way of looking at what’s happening in their own community so that they themselves gain the tools to keep evaluating what’s happening and then keep strategizing for how to then it changed and this is incredibly empowering because they themselves are the ones who are producing the strategies for change it isn’t an outsider coming in as doing an intervention but rather from the very beginning they’re getting these tools I like to think of myself as a researcher

coming in and doing research but doing it in a participatory way so that when I leave their continuing the research so that you know this can continue to build strengthen the arms of the community itself so to speak and give strength to the legs and the knees of that community and I think that leads for sustainability as they begin thinking and sustainability has to be built into anything that we do we have to be thinking about levels of sustainability because otherwise it won’t continue but i do think participatory approaches are are the way that people themselves are empowered to keep working within the community great I this is a question for David the isolation and the problems in barrios and favelas and slums the meda hien seems like a wonderful way of introducing connectivity but what what how could anybody else do that I mean has anybody else done that has has that happened in Caracas has it happened in Rio has it happened anywhere else well it should its role model something we believe so strongly in community participation but you can imagine that no one in these bottles million had seen a gondola right what’s under construction they said what is what is this but after they saw that it worked then the committed say let’s go for it and so sometimes the initial moves are so difficult but then after you get the energy and you demonstrate the things being positive for a change then people willing to participate in to add so that has a little bit with the sustainability so I’ll try to answer the two things the first thing like in the case you’ve made again after they they proved that could be done then the program programs that have to do with maintenance community participation program of activities all these cultural events are the following interventions it was not the architects designing the skateboards it is sitting down and asking questions well what do you want in your Park how would you name your Park where would you locate it because already there was a synergy between a clever idea and really the needs of the community and going back to the metagame case study it’s being emulated the first Metro cable just started an operation in Caracas it did yes my town they did not learn all the lessons from me again because they invested mainly in the transportation device it ended up costing ten times more than many young but they missed a bit the point of the multiple activities it’s the nodes it’s a public space it’s the library it’s the connectivity I mean I would have some a clever device and sometimes so simple I’ll imagine this hill / ravines are usually the people are populated these ravines came from different areas of the country and in different times so these groups are bonded from their origin sometimes were controlled by different drug lords therefore the ravines were the barriers they had the fights and that’s why they would launch the bodies so what did it what did these clever people do in met again if you had a gondola station here and you had ravine separating Barrios of the same elevation they built bridges over the ravines beautiful bridges and they anchor the bridges with plazas and the small schools and and the climbing walls and they named um el puente de la paz the pho what army I mean this area that’s very calm ok so the ravines became the place of encounter yeah a lot of death yeah that’s creative thinking yeah it is totally we have a lot to learn don’t we here’s a question for Diane possibly but everybody might want to comment what would it take to bring communities healthy food rather than the unhealthy fast food products that are creating the obesity epidemic in children oh well I think one of the things we’re doing is actually creating a community local food system in new and new york are where that came from in philadelphia through like we said we have thousands of vacant lots and now we’re saying let’s have in every neighborhood let’s have an urban farm that actually produces locally grown food for that community so we’re actually trying to create a model that can be replicated across the entire city right now like i said we’re up to almost ten nirman farms that’s serving about 25 different neighborhoods in philadelphia so I think party part of that is actually using space in a really smart way that actually can improve local access to locally grown produce and having that money go bright back to the community so again this is the youth are

getting paid to do this we actually have a new partnership with Penn State where they’re going to actually start building hoop houses greenhouses on these farms so we’re actually going to start extending our growing season 2 10 months out of the year which is really exciting so again it’s building those partnerships and saying you know okay we can grow this much how can we grow longer seasons that’s when we talk to Penn State now let’s that hoop houses come in now we can extend our growing season for 10 months a year so I think you know that’s that’s part of the model of improving access and also I think he’s still got to work with trying to get some grocery stores into the neighborhoods and I know Food Trust is doing a lot of work around that and shoprite like Jeff Brown who owns shoprite stores five behind Philadelphia on most of them are located in poor neighborhoods that’s what we’re partnering with them because they are committed to having actually getting these major grocery stores into into neighborhoods we’re also have an idea with youth where there’s not how do we get people from their home even into these these local farms and also to these grocery stores well we have this idea of actually having bike lanes where youth will actually deliver some of this food particularly those seniors who can’t really many mobile so we’re actually going to be we’re working with neighborhood bike works which is an awesome organization Philadelphia to create bike lanes because they’re not in they’re not they’re not outside center city and most people who write bikes are in the poor neighborhoods in our field and in this city and they don’t have bike lanes so how do we had create safe pathways from people’s homes particularly senior centers and people seniors who can’t get there and then how do we engage youth and more physical activity will create bike lanes and then have them deliver the food to seniors so this is another project so I think it takes a lot of creative approaches to this but it’s a long pletely different aspect yeah but it’s it’s the people in the neighborhoods that are actually they’re the ones actually leading this you know and then you build you bringing the partners to help facilitate that and bring in more resources so no know if that answered your question yes yes give an example from from Nairobi a group of NGOs the community-based actually community-based organizations that are working with street children one of the big problems of course is food scarcity right now particularly with climate changes becoming even more of an issue they’ve come together and say okay if this is a problem we’re not having enough food for you know feeding the children that we’re taking care of much less others who are out on the street they’ve come together and in a pilot project that is just in its first stages have secured a lot just a little bit outside of Nairobi on the outskirts of my Nairobi put it that way which fortunately you still have some urban space and in Nairobi it’s only a city of 3 million and they are using that as a as an agricultural plot where the children themselves are learning the skills for farming it and creating the food that they themselves then and then it’s being distributed to the different organizations that are working together so that it’s providing food for those organizations who have come together so that’s another model of a way in which you can provide food I think we have one time for one question yeah okay just a couple other things we’re also working with the Food Trust and corner stores are big source where people buy food and the produce is really poor quality and very expensive so actually with working with the Food Trust to get the vegetables food nerves that the youth are growing into the corner stores in the neighborhood so that’s another initiative that we’re doing which will help increase access so we’re trying to create multiple access points in neighborhoods where people can walk to whether it’s at the extra urban farms it’s in the corner stores it’s now going to be in shoprite stores locally grown food that it’s actually tailored so if you want like if sweet potatoes is really something or cilantro because it’s more of a Mexican neighborhood we’re actually growing it based on what that neighborhood once so it’s it’s a multi-prong approach and again it’s driven by the youth and and the mothers and the people in the community do we have time for one more question okay this is by Eileen Sullivan marks who asks the panel how can we best we’ve been talking a lot about youth and about young people and she asks a question how can we best use the wisdom the wisdom of older women in cities to promote health and quality many of the women that I work with are older they’re not the youth that I work with and and they’re just incredibly brilliant women they understand the context and they have this great heart for participating so it’s a question of providing opportunities opening the door for ways for and for recognizing what they are already doing this is a this is very much a problem women go around in their daily lives doing things that are

unbelievable but nobody is acknowledging it that it is an incredible strategy and so the ability to recognize this and to promote it gives a sense of oh I didn’t realize that this was so important but that is what we need I think grandmother’s in our own cities you know we’re we need to acknowledge the incredible role that they’re playing with our kids and that empowers them to to in fact share what they’ve been learning with others so it’s really a recognition of what people are doing and then coming alongside and building up more skills and support networks to keep that happening programs have to find space for that I mean it would be very easy just to be youth focused and that’s true and I five times a year what we do is create the major five major projects that are intergenerational because it’s obvious from the time we were the anti-graffiti network that the wisdom of the elders is really profound and how do you capture that and pass it on to young people and so many times one week is not it we don’t do a project that’s not the result of a lengthy community process and you often hear people or you read in the mural applications we want murals where the seniors will connect with young people where the wisdom of the seniors will pass on to young people will there be a connection so you have to create space and time for that to happen excellent just what changes said we were doing some intergenerational programs around food because food is such a cultural issue and and and you’d only know their their history so we actually are working with some of our neighborhood centers where they’re doing intergenerational programmer on cooking and the you end the elders are coming in and teaching them you know whether it’s an African Community it whether it’s East Asian community they’re saying do you really know the history of your people and they’re doing it around food and then we’re also working with the village of Arts and Humanities to develop a community kitchen and the community kitchens guys should can be run by the elder women and there actually is going to be a source of health and nutrition is going to be source of cooking and an education about their about their culture in about their history so we are doing a lot more with intergenerational programs which has a tremendous benefit on both the elders and and the youth and there’s knitting and there’s all kinds of art making that people can do together too so it’s about engagement in connection great I want to thank this incredible panel you have been amazing I mean great ideas great action great solutions thank you very very much