JOYA, PRESIDENT OF GOOD EVENING, EVERYONE. A PRIVILEGE TO WELCOME YOU TO GEORGETOWN AND GASTON HALL AND THIS SPECIAL GATHERING. BEING HERE TONIGHT. OBAMA HAS DEDICATED THIS WEEK TO PRESCRIPTION AND OPIOID AWARENESS. HIS WORDS, TO STAND IN COURAGEOUS WITH THE RECOVERY AND RAISING THE AWARENESS OF THIS GOOD EVENING, EVERYONE, IT’S A WELCOME TO GEORGETOWN. PRESIDENT OBAMA HAS DEDICATED THIS WEEK TO PRESCRIPTION OPIOID — IN ADVANCE OF THE FILM ALSO WISH TO EXPRESS MY GRATITUDE TO DIRECTOR COMEY PATRICIA CUMEN AND DEAN McCARTNEY FOR THEIR SUPPORT OF THIS IMPORTANT EVENT. WISH TO THANK DEAN MONTGOMERY FOR LEADING OUR PANEL CONVERSATIONS FOLLOWING THE FILM, AND TO ALL OF OUR PANELISTS, INCLUDING LOUIS MILIONE, THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT DIRECTOR AT DEA, PEGGY COMPTON, PROFESSOR, DEAN OF RESEARCH, GRADUATION, AT OUR SCHOOL OF NURSE AND HEALTH STUDIES, AND TWO PERSONS AFFECTED BY ADDICTION, LEXIE SKIEVE, AND GENE IN — GINA WOODWARD. WANT TO THANK ALL FOR SHARING THEIR INSIGHTS AND EXPERTISE WITH US SO WE MIGHT HAVE A DEEPER UNDERSTANDING AND COMPASSION FOR THOSE STRUGGLING MY PRIVILEGE TO WELCOME LORETTA LYNCH THIS EVENING, BEING SWORN IN AS THE 83rd ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE UNITED S WORKED TIRELESSLY TO WORK WITH THE OVERDOSE DEATHS IN OUR COUNTRY WORK ON THIS IMPORTANT ISSUE IS CENTERED ON A BELIEF THAT SUCCESSFULLY ENGAGING WITH THIS COMPLEX CHALLENGE FACING OUR SOCIETY IS ABOUT, IN HER OWN WORDS, “MAKING REAL AND LASTING PROGRESS ON THOSE IN NEED, ABOUT CONFRONTING A DEEP AND PERSISTENT CHALLENGE IN ORDER TO CHART A NEW COURSE FOR OUR FUTURE AND THE FUTURE OF OUR COUNTRY.” DEEPLY GRATEFUL FOR THE PRESENCE OF ATTORNEY GENERAL LYNCH. MY PLEASURE NOW TO WELCOME TO THE STAGE, TO SHARE HER THOUGHTS AND INSIGHTS REGARDING THIS IMPORTANT ISSUE GENTLEMEN, PLEASE JOIN ME IN WELCOMING ATTORNEY GENERAL LORETTA THANK YOU. THAT KIND INTRODUCTION. BEHALF OF THE U THANK YOU SO MUCH, PRESIDENT, FOR YOUR LEADERSHIP OF GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY AND FOR RECOGNIZING THIS ISSUE AND FOR LENDING THE SUPPORT OF THIS O UTSTANDING INSTITUTION TO WHAT IS REALLY ONE OF THE MOST CUTTING ISSUES AND THE MOST IMPORTANT ISSUES OF THE DAY FITTING THAT IT’S HERE AT GEORGETOWN, BECAUSE GEORGETOWN IS SUCH AN INCUBATOR OF IDEAS, OF THOUGHT, OF POLICY. YOU NEVER SHY AWAY FROM THE DIFFICULT ISSUES. NEVER REALLY AVOID THE THINGS THAT WE ME ACKNOWLEDGE SOME PEOPLE WHO ARE HERE WITH ME TONIGHT TO HELP WITH THIS MISSION AND TO HELP SUPPORT THE DEPARTMENT’S EFFORTS HERE. HAVE SOME VALUED COLLEAGUES, AND YOU’RE GOING TO HEAR FROM THEM AFTER THE FILM. DEA ADMINISTRATOR, JEFF ROSSEN BERG, AND FBI DIRECTOR JIM COMEY ARE HERE, AND BOTH THE DEA AND THE FBI ARE ON THE FRONT LINES TO END THIS EPIDEMIC, AND I WANT TO THANK THEM FOR THEIR TIRELESS WORK TO END THIS EPIDEMIC, AND THEY WILL TALK TO YOU ABOUT SOME OF THE FASCINATING CONFRONTATIONAL ISSUES, AND ANOTHER PARTNER, CHANNING PHILLIPS WHO IS HERE THIS EVENING. WHO’S BEEN FOCUSED ON

THESE ISSUES FOR A LONG T LET ME ALSO THANK THE EOUSA DIRECTOR, MARKY WILSON AND HIS TEAM, AT THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR U.S ATTORNEYS, BECAUSE THEY HAVE PROVIDED FUNDING FOR EVERY U.S ATTORNEY IN THE COUNTRY. ARE 93 U.S. ATTORNEYS IN THE U.S FUNDING FOR EVERY U.S ATTORNEY’S OFFICE TO ALSO SCREEN “CHASING THE DRAGON” IN THEIR DISTRICTS THIS WEEK AS PART OF OPIOID AND HEROIN EPIDEMIC AWARENESS WEEK. WE HAVE ALSO BEEN ABLE TO DISTRIBUTE NEARLY 1,000 COPIES OF THIS FILM TO OUR COMMUNITY PARTNERS NATIONWIDE, WHICH IS JUST AN INVALUABLE CONTRIBUTION TO THIS WEEK OF AWARENESS AND ACTION. YOU ARE NOT ABLE TO SIT AND LISTEN WITH A FAMILY WHO’S LOST A LOVED ONE TO THIS ADDICTION, OR TALKED TO AN INDIVIDUAL WHO’S BEEN BATTLING THIS BATTLE FIRSTHAND, THIS FILM WILL BRING YOU INTO THAT WORLD. THINK YOU WILL FIND THAT IT’S A WORLD THAT YOU WILL NOT BE ABLE TO LOOK AWAY FROM ONCE LET ME ALSO THANK THE MANY PEOPLE IN THIS ROOM WHO HAVE HELPED TO MAKE THIS WEEK SUCH A S LET ME THANK EVERYONE WHO’S HERE T WHO CAME TO WATCH THIS MOMENT IN HEALTHCARE. YOUR IN ACADEMIA, THE FRONT LINES OF DRUG PREVENTION, OR A STUDENT INTERESTED IN LEARNING ABOUT THIS ISSUE, EVERY ONE OF YOU HAS AN ESSENTIAL ROLE TO PLAY IN CONFRONTING THIS DEVASTATING EPIDEMIC, AND I WANT TO THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE THIS EVENING, AS WELL.FOR THOSE OF US WHO ARE WORKING IN LAW ENFORCEMENT, OPIOID ADDICTION HAS QUICKLY EMERGED AS AN URGENT CHALLENGE, AND IT IS A CHALLENGE OF DAUNTING PROPORTIONS. THIS MONTH, THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REPORTED A FINDING THAT 3.8 MILLION PEOPLE, AGES 12 AND UP, ARE CURRENTLY MISUSING PRESCRIPTION PAIN RELIEVERS IN OUR COUNTRY MILLION PEOPLE, AGES DID NOT KNOW WHETHER TO BE MORE STAGGERED BY THE NUMBER OR BY THE FACT THAT THEY’RE STARTING AT REALITY THAT WE CONFRONT TODAY AND IT’S THE REALITY THAT YOU’RE GOING TO HEAR ABOUT IN THIS OUTSTANDING FILM. THIS NUMBER REFLECTS THE FACT THAT THE OPIOID EPIDEMIC IS INDIFFERENT TO RACE, TO CLASS, TO AGE, OR GEOGRAPHY. CUTS ACROSS OUR ENTIRE SOCIETY AFFECTS YOUNG, OLD, POOR, RICH, RURAL COMMUNITIES, ONE OF THE HARDEST HIT, AS WELL AS THE MAJOR C A NATIONAL PROBLEM, AND THAT’S WHY WE’RE CRAFTING A NATIONAL SOLUTION. IT’S ALSO WHY PRESIDENT OBAMA SIGNED A PROCLAMATION DECLARING THIS WEEK AS PRESCRIPTION OPIOID AND HEROIN EPIDEMIC AWARENESS WEEK A PART OF THAT EFFORT, I ISSUED A MEMO TO THE FIELD, TO ALL OF THE U.S. WHO ARE STRUGGLING WITH THIS ISSUE AS WELL IN THEIR DISTRICTS, IDENTIFYING THE THREE MAIN PILLARS THAT MUST BE PART OF OUR NATIONAL STRATEGY TO COMBAT THIS EPIDEMIC. HAVE TO PREVENT INDIVIDUALS FROM SUCCUMBING TO ADDICTION OR OPIOID OVERDOSE DEATHS. HAVE TO WORK ON PREVENTION. HAVE TO ALSO MAKE SURE WE HAVE A STRONG ENFORCEMENT POLICY, INVESTIGATING AND PROSECUTNG STRATEGICALLY IN ORDER TO DETER AND PUNISH THOSE MOST RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS EPIDEMIC — WHETHER THEY’RE THE LEADER OF DRUG TRAFFIC ORGANIZATIONS, OR WHETHER THEY’RE THE ROGUE HEALTHCARE INDIVIDUALS WHO DIVERT THESE OPIOIDS. MOST IMPORTANTLY, HOWEVER, WE MUST PROVIDE TREATMENT TO THE PEOPLE GRAPPLING WITH ADDICTION. IS A DISEASE. IS A PUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS, AND TREATMENT MUST BE PART OF OUR FIGHT AGAINST THIS SCOURGE. ENFORCEMENT, AND TREATMENT. THIS IS A BATTLE WE HAVE TO WIN. HAVE TO. OWE IT TO OUR FRIENDS, TO OUR NEIGHBORS, AND TO OUR CHILDREN. PART OF THIS WEEK’S EFFORTS, I WAS IN LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY, YESTERDAY AND RICHMOND, KENTUCKY, AN INCREDIBLY BEAUTIFUL PART OF THE COUNTRY. WAS FLYING IN, LOOKING AT LITERALLY THE BLUEGRASS, THINKING, YOU KNOW, IT REALLY DOES ALMOST GLOW, AND DRIVING IN, LOOKING AT THE BEAUTIFUL HORSE FARMS AND THE SCENERY THIS IS AN AREA — PART OF THE COUNTRY — THAT HAS BEEN RAVAGED BY THIS EPIDEMIC.LITERALLY RAVAGED. WHEN I WAS IN LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY, I HAD A CHANCE TO MEET PARTICIPANTS IN WHAT HAS BEEN — WHAT WE CALL THE HEROIN EDUCATION ACTION TEAM, OR H.E.A.T. TEAM. THE H.E.A.T. TEAM IS A PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE U.S. ATTORNEY’S OFFICE IN THAT DISTRICT AND FAMILIES — SIBLINGS, OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS — WHO HAVE LOST

LOVED ONES TO THIS EPIDEMIC. I HAVE TO TELL YOU, THEY TELL THEIR LOVED ONE STORIES AS PART OF EDUCATING OTHERS ABOUT THIS ISSUE, TO SHOW THAT IT CAN AFFECT ANYONE. CAN HIT ANYONE AGES OF THOSE WHO WERE LOST RANGED FROM TEENAGERS TO LATE 30s. OF THEM BROUGHT PHOTOGRAPHS OF THEIR LOVED ONES TO THIS MEETING, AND YOU LOOKED AT THE PICTURES OF THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS, THEIR CHILDREN, THEIR SIBLINGS, AT A TIME WHEN THEY WERE JUST SO FULL OF LIFE. WITH THEIR FAMILIES, SMILING FOR THE CAMERA, ENGAGED. THEN TO HEAR THE DESCRIPTION OF HOW THIS DISEASE, WHETHER IT WAS ABUSE OF A PRESCRIPTION DRUG THAT LED TO A DESCENT INTO HEROIN, OR JUST THE PRESCRIPTION DRUG TOOK THE JOY AND LIFE AWAY FROM THEM, AND ULTIMATELY TOOK THEIR LIVES. OF THAT PROMISE STOLEN SO SOON.BUT DESPITE THE DEVASTATION THAT THESE FAMILIES HAD EXPERIENCED, THEY HAD ALL CHOSEN TO ACT. THEY KNEW THAT ONE OF THE PROBLEMS THEY HAD FACED WHEN THEY WERE FIGHTING THE FIGHT, TRYING TO SAVE THEIR LOVED ONES, WAS THE THOUGHT THAT THEY WERE ALONE IN THE FIGHT. KNOWING THAT OTHER FAMILIES WERE ALSO STRUGGLING WITH THE SAME ISSUE.”HOW DO I GET BETWEEN MY CHILD AND A PILL?” DO I GET BETWEEN A LOVED ONE AND A N “WHEN I CAN INTERVENE AND I CAN GET THEM INTO TREATMENT, HOW DO I FIGHT THAT FIGHT?” DO I FIND THE PLACE THAT WORKS FOR THEM?” DO I SAY TO THE INSURANCE COMPANY?” OF THEM THOUGHT THEY WERE ALONE ALL OF THEM WERE ALSO DEALING WITH WHAT HAPPENS IN OUR SOCIETY, WHICH IS STILL THE SHAME AND THE STIGMA OF DEALING AS I BEGAN TO WORK WITH THE U.S ATTORNEY’S OFFICE, TRYING TO BUILD CASES AGAINST THOSE WHO HAD PEDDLED POISON TO THEIR LOVED ONES, THEY REALIZED THEY WERE A COMMUNITY. ALSO REALIZED THAT, IN FACT, THEY WERE PART OF THE LARGER COMMUNITY OF LEXINGTON, AND THEY DECIDED THAT BEING SILENT MEANT GIVING IN TO DRUG TRAFFICKERS AND TO SOCIAL STIGMA, AND WAS, IN FACT, NOW THEY’RE OUT IN THE COMMUNITY THEY’RE EDUCATING PEOPLE ABOUT THE DANGERS OF THE EPIDEMIC. ONE WOMAN IN THE PROGRAM LITERALLY TAKES THE URN THAT HOLDS HER DAUGHTER’S ASHES WITH HER WHEN SHE GOES AND TALKS TO SCHOOLS, AND SHE SAID THAT KIDS WILL SEE HER ON THE STREET, AND THEY’LL SAY, “THERE’S THE WOMAN WHOSE DAUGHTER IS IN A VASE, BECAUSE SHE DID DRUGS.” WILL DO ANYTHING TO MAKE AN IMPACT, TO SEAR THAT IMAGE INTO THEIR MIND SO THEY WON’T MAKE ARE NOT JUST GOING TOLE SCHOOLS. GOING TO POLICE ROLL CALLS. TALKED ABOUT GOING TO PRISON, TO TALK TO FORMER DRUG DEALERS, WHO WERE ABOUT TO BE RELEASED ONTO THE STREETS, TO TALK TO THEM ABOUT THE EFFECTS OF DRUGS HAVE HAD ON THEIR FAMILIES, AND HE TALKED SO MOVINGLY ABOUT ONE OF THE INMATES COMING UP TO HIM AND SAYING, “I AM IN HERE FOR DRUG DISTRIBUTION.I SOLD EVERYTHING, INCLUDING HEROIN, I NEVER THOUGHT OF MY CUSTOMERS AS PEOPLE UNTIL NOW.I NEVER THOUGHT OF THEM AS ANYTHING MORE THAN A SOURCE OF INCOME FOR ME, UNTIL NOW.” IS WHAT THESE FAMILIES ARE DOING. DOING THEIR PART, ABOVE AND BEYOND THE CALL OF DUTY, AND THAT’S WHY WE HAVE TO DO OURS THE FILM YOU’RE ABOUT TO SEE IS JUST ONE OF THE MANY WAYS THAT THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT IS WORKING TO SPREAD THE WORD ABOUT THE REAL DANGERS AND THE U NSPEAKABLE COSTS OF THIS EPIDEMIC. WAS PRODUCED A FEW MONTHS AGO BY THE FBI AND DEA TO SERVE AS A CONVERSATION-STARTER, TO GO WHERE THESE FAMILIES HAVE BEEN GOING, TO CLASSROOMS, TO HOMES, TO COMMUNITY CENTERS, TO CHURCHES, AND IT MAKES CLEAR IN THE MOST POWERFUL AND VISCERAL TERMS THAT THIS EPIDEMIC — THE OPIOID EPIDEMIC — RUINS LIVES DESTROYS FAMILIES, AND IT IT ALSO SHOWS THE WAYS THIS EPIDEMIC CONTRIBUTES TO OTHER CRIMES, LIKE THEFT AND EVEN HOMICIDE. IT OFFERS A TRULY SOBERING LESSON TO ALL OF US ABUSE, ADDICTION CAN HAPPEN TO ANYONE IN ANY STORIES IN “CHASING THE DRAGON” ARE R OF THE PEOPLE WHO APPEAR WITH THE FILM ARE WITH US TONIGHT, AND LET ME ALSO TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO THANK THEM, BOTH FOR SPEAKING THEIR TRUTH AND FOR BEARING WITNESS ON BEHALF OF THOSE WHOSE VOICES HAVE BEEN STILLED BY THIS SCOURGE. LET ME ASK ALL OF YOU

TO SPEAK TRUTH AND TO BEAR WITNESS. US CARRY THIS CONVERSATION BEYOND THIS ROOM, BEYOND THIS WEEK. TONIGHT, TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU’VE SEEN WITH YOUR FRIENDS, WITH YOUR FAMILIES, WITH YOUR CLASSMATES.TALK ABOUT IT WITH YOUR FRIENDS AND YOUR PEERS, SO THAT THEY ALSO HAVE THE KNOWLEDGE THEY NEED TO MAKE THE DECISIONS THAT WILL KEEP THE ONLY WAY WE CAN END THIS EPIDEMIC IS BY ADOPTING THE ALL-HANDS APPROACH THAT BRINGS EVERYONE TOGETHER — LAW ENFORCEMENT, COMMUNITY LEADERS, MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS, AND ORDINARY CITIZENS — IN A TRULY UNITED FRONT AGAINST THIS DESTRUCTIVE EPIDEMIC. SIMPLY BY BEING HERE TONIGHT, YOU’VE ALREADY TAKEN A STAND. ALREADY JOINED US. I THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US IN THIS FIGHT AGAINST HEROIN/OPIOID ABUSE. LET ME THANK YOU NOW FOR YOUR TIME, FOR YOUR COMMITMENT, THANK YOU FOR CARING ABOUT PEOPLE THAT SOCIETY WANTS TO THROW AWAY BUT CANNOT. FOR REALIZING THAT THEY ARE KEEP THIS GOING, AND WE WILL NOT STOP UNTIL WE END THIS SCOURGE, UNTIL WE SAVE OUR CHILDREN, UNTIL WE GUARANTEE EVERY AMERICAN THE BETTER AND BRIGHTER FUTURE THAT IS THEIR BIRTHRIGHT. FROM PAIN. FROM ADDICTION. FROM THIS SCOURGE FOR LETTING ME SPEND A FEW MINUTES WITH YOU TONIGHT, AND THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR BEING HERE AND BEING PART SCHOOL BELL ] HI, I’M JIM COMEY, I’M THE DIRECTOR OF THE FBI.>> I’M CHUCK ROSENBERG. RUN THE DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY. WE’RE TALKING TO YOU TODAY BECAUSE WE’RE FACING A CRISIS, A CRISIS THAT IS KILLING FAR TOO MANY PEOPLE, PRESCRIPTION DRUG AND HEROIN ABUSE. EACH YEAR, MORE THAN 46,000 PEOPLE DIE FROM A DRUG OVERDOSE. MORE PEOPLE THAN DIE FROM CAR ACCIDENTS OR FROM GUN VIOLENCE. OF THOSE 46,000 DEATHS ARE RELATED TO OPIOID A BEST APPROACH WOULD BE TO LET YOU HEAR THE TRUTH, NO FILTER, NO SENSORS, JUST THE STRAIGHT FACTS FROM PEOPLE WHO HAVE LIVED WITH THE HARD CONSEQUENCES OF OPIOID ABUSE.UNSCRIPTED INTERVIEWS THAT INCLUDE RAW EMOTION AND PROFANITY. WITNESS REAL TRAGEDY AND LEARN WHAT HAPPENS WHEN DRUGS TAKE HOLD OF REAL PEOPLE AND DON’T LET GO YOU WILL SEE THAT THOSE LIVES WHO ARE TAKEN OVER BY DRUG ADDICTION ARE OFTEN KIDS FROM STABLE HOMES WITH GOOD FAMILIES, GOOD PEOPLE WHO HAD GREAT CHILDHOODS, WERE GIVEN EVERYTHING WANTED AND EVERYTHING GOING FOR THEM, BUT THEY TOOK ONE WRONG TURN, AND THEY WERE HOOKED.ONCE YOU’RE HOOKED, IT’S HARD TO GET OFF THE DRUGS SPIRAL DOWN IS QUICK. AFTER YOU WATCH THIS FILM, WE WANT YOU TO TALK ABOUT IT. WANT YOU TO TALK TO YOUR PARENTS, TO YOUR RELATIVES, FRIENDS, TO YOUR BROTHERS AND SISTERS. IF YOU KNOW SOMEBODY WHO’S USING DRUGS OR EVEN THINKING ABOUT USING D RUGS, SAY SOMETHING. YOU’RE GOING TO SEE THAT ONCE THE ADDICTION STARTS, IT IS OFTEN TOO L TELLING SOMEBODY, YOU COULD BE SAVING I DIDN’T CARE. DIDN’T THINK ABOUT IT ONCE WE STARTED GETTING HIGH, OLD, AND THE ONLY WAY I KNEW ABOUT IT, BECAUSE SHE WAS I STARTED SMOKING POT AROUND WAS ALWAYS OFFERED PRESCRIPTION DRUGS AND I NEVER WOULD TAKE THEM. I WAS IN I WAS RUNNING IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT TO GET SOME WATER, FELL DOWN THE STAIRS, LANDED ON MY BACK ON THE IT STARTED FOR ME WITH POT, AND JUST PROGRESSED INTO HELL, WEED DIDN’T DO IT FOR ME, BUT DEFINITELY WEED STARTED IT IT WAS DEFINITELY SOMETHING I DIDN’T SEE UNTIL IT WAS TOO L HAD NO CLUE WHAT I WAS GETTING MYSELF I STARTED TAKING THREE AT A TIME, THEN I WAS TAKING FOUR AT

A TIME, THEN I STARTED TAKING, LIKE, SIX AT A TIME — YOU’RE GETTING HIGH, IT’S NOT JUST DRUGS — HOOKED. — — A CONVICTED FELON AT THE AGE OF 18. I HAD MAGGOTS IN MY LEG — A MARRIED MOTHER OF THREE — IT TAKES YOU TO HELL AND BACK. — TAKES CONTROL. — YOU CAN’T GO BACK AND SAY “I’M SORRY.” IT WILL GET YOU. HER SISTER FOUND DIED IN HER SLEEP. MY BEING ADDICTED TO OPIATES IS LIKE CHASING THE DRAGON.YOU’RE CONSTANTLY SEEKING THAT FIRST HIGH. WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN IF YOU ACTUALLY CATCH IT? MUSIC ] COME FROM A GREAT FAMILY. KNOW, ALWAYS HAD WHAT I WANTED. HAD A CURFEW. COULD SLEEP OVER AT MY FRIEND’S HOUSE WHENEVER. COULD HAVE DONE ANYTHING.THEY WOULD HAVE PAID FOR ME TO GO TO ANY KIND OF SCHOOL, STUFF PAID FOR GUITAR I GREW UP WITH MY DAD. MOM WASN’T IN MY PRETTY MUCH WAS MOM AND DAD HE WOULD TUTOR ME FOR AT LEAST AN HOUR ON THE WEEKENDS, WE’D GO OUT, GO CAMPING, GO OUT ON THE BOATS. ALWAYS HAD STARTED IN GYMNASTICS WHEN SHE WAS LIKE A TODDLER.SHE WAS A CHEERLEADER THROUGH MIDDLE SCHOOL, HIGH SCHOOL, AND ALSO A COMPETITIVE CHEERLEADER.SHE STARTED COMPETING PROBABLY IN SEVENTH GRADE WAS A VERY GOOD STUDENT. WAS IN A.P. CLASSES, A.P. ROLL. WORKED MYSELF UP THROUGH THE YEARS WITH MINIMAL COLLEGE TO A POSITION THAT I WORKED AS A CORPORATE ACCOUNT EXECUTIVE, MAKING ABOUT AN AVERAGE OF $122,000 WERE PRETTY G WE WERE SECURE KIDS WERE — HAD NO REAL ISSUES I WAS KOREAN. I GREW UP WAS KOREAN. PARENTS WERE MILITARY, AND EVERYONE HAD A KOREAN MOM KNOW, I DID MARTIAL ARTS, BALLET, GYMNASTICS. ALL KINDS OF STUFF. PIANO LESSONS. ROLL STUDENT. WENT TO SCHOOL. GRADE POINT HAD A GREAT CHILDHOOD GREAT FAMILY. DID A LOT OF CAMPING. LOT OF FUN STUFF. TO THE BEACH, CAMPING SOMETHING MY FATHER, ME AND H IM, DID TOGETHER, YOU KNOW, A COUPLE DAYS BEFORE MY 18th BIRTHDAY, I ACTUALLY GOT MY EAGLE SCOUT, WHICH WAS A BIG ACCOMPLISHMENT FOR ME. I MET MY FIRST HUSBAND WHEN I WAS VERY YOUNG. WAS 13. THEN WE GOT MARRIED AT 17. I GOT TO GROW UP WAS 22 YEARS OLD, AND THAT’S WHEN EVERYTHING STARTED. GOT PREGNANT WITH MY YOUNGEST DAUGHTER. I HAD HER, THEY GAVE ME OXYCONTIN. THE PAIN MEDICINE ON, THAT’S WHEN MY >> A FRIEND OFFERS YOU SOMETHING AT A PARTY OR AT HOME , OR YOU’RE HAVING A BAD DAY AND YOU NEED SOMETHING TO PICK YOU UP, SO SOMEBODY HANDS YOU A PILL AND SAYS, “HERE, THIS WILL HELP YOU FEEL HOW THIS PROBLEM I WAS AT A CONCERT, I WAS 15 AT THE TIME AND I I GOT A POSSESSION OF ALCOHOL CHARGE. GOT PUT ON PROBATION. I COULDN’T SMOKE I STARTED TO PANIC, AND THEN SOMEBODY APPROACHED ME, AND SAID, HERE, TRY THIS, AND IT WAS AN OXYCONTIN 80. I WAS HOBBLING INTO WORK, AND THE YOUNG LADY THAT WORKED THERE USED TO BE A PHARMACEUTICAL SALES REP, AND SHE HAD SAMPLES OF SAID, KATRINA, HAVE YOU GONE TO THE DOCTOR FOR THIS YET? SAID, NO SAID, WELL, I HAVE THESE THINGS ONE. THAN HOME, TAKE ONE KNOW? I HAD A HABIT EVERY NIGHT, WHERE I’D GO HOME AND HAVE A GLASS OF WINE. WENT HOME THAT

NIGHT AND TOOK WHAT SHE GAVE ME OF TAKING ONE, I TOOK TWO. I DIDN’T EVEN KNOW TOOK THE TWO, HAD MY GLASS OF WINE, AND ALL OF A SUDDEN IT JUST TRIGGERED SOMETHING IN MY BRAIN. WOULD SAY I BECAME ADDICTED I THINK THE NEW FRIENDS HAD A REALLY, REALLY BIG IMPACT ON, YOU KNOW, WHEN SHE GOT TO THAT FORK IN THE ROAD, YOU GO LEFT OR YOU GO RIGHT, AND I THINK AT THAT POINT, THE FRIENDS HELPED PICK THE ROAD THAT SHE CHOSE. SOUNDS REALLY APPEALING. GONNA TRY THAT. I GUESS WHAT MOST PEOPLE AND MOST KIDS DON’T UNDERSTAND IS, YOU KNOW, WHEN YOU TRY SOMETHING, YOU’RE NOT TRYING IT YOUR NEW PATH. I JUST LIKE — I JUST LIKE THE FEELING OF CERTAIN THINGS BEING HIGH, IT WAS LIKE I’M DEPRESSED, I’M GOING TO MAKE THIS FEEL BETTER IT WAS KIND OF, LIKE, I’M FEELING GOOD. GOING TO TAKE THIS TO SEE IF I COULD FEEL MORE BETTER. I WAS TAKING THREE AT A TIME. I STARTED TAKING FOUR AT A TIME. TAKING SIX AT A TIME. I WENT FROM TAKING THEM ORALLY TO SHOOTING THEM. THAT WAS THE END I WENT BACK TO THE DOCTOR A COUPLE OF TIMES AND GOT HIM TO REFILL THE MEDICINE TO THE AMOUNT HE COULDN’T REFILL IT ANYMORE. THEN I STARTED BUYING OXYCONTIN OFF THE STREET FROM THERE, OXYCONTIN STARTED TO BE MORE EXPENSIVE AND HARDER TO FIND. GIRLFRIEND OF MINE INTRODUCED ME TO HEROIN. COULD GET A WHOLE LOT MORE FOR A WHOLE LOT LESS. ONCE I SHOT UP THE HEROIN, THAT WAS IT FROM THERE ADDICTION TOOK OFF. MY DAUGHTER WAS 7 MONTHS OLD WHEN I BECAME PHYSICALLY ADDICTED TO HEROIN I NEVER HESITATE TO ASK THEM ALL, WHICH DRUGS THEY’VE TRIED AND THEY’LL TYPICALLY SAY, I’VE TRIED — STARTED OFF WITH MARIJUANA, TRIED COCAINE, AND I’VE TRIED OXYCODONE, AND I ASKED THEM, OF ALL THE DRUGS THEY EVER TRIED, WHAT’S THE MOST ADDICTIVE DRUG. WITHOUT A D OUBT, 100% OF THE TIME, THEY’LL SAY THE MOST ADDICTIVE DRUG IS OXYCODONE. YOU KNOW, THE DRUGS — THEY TOOK MY MIND OVER AND MADE ME DO THINGS, YOU KNOW, NORMALLY BROUGHT UP NOT TO DO KNOW? IT JUST TURNED ME INTO>> YOU KNOW, I JUST WENT IN MY MEDICINE CABINET. WAS, LIKE, HEY, THESE WILL GET YOU HIGH. DO SOME. WAS, LIKE, OKAY, TALKED ME INTO IT, THEY’RE RIGHT HERE, I DON’T HAVE TO PAY FOR IT, SURE. DOESN’T HAVE TO BE A DRUG DEALER, IT COULD BE IN YOUR HOUSE. NEXT THING YOU KNOW, YOU’RE HOOKED. MY FRIENDS IN THE BEGINNING WERE THE FRIENDS THAT DIDN’T DO ANYTHING. THEN I MET THE CROWD THAT DID DO STUFF. ARE WHO YOU HANG OUT WITH. THESE KIDS GO IN TO IT AS I’M JUST GOING TO GO TO A PARTY, THEY’RE DOING THIS OVER HERE, I WANT TO FIT IN, LET ME DO IT A LITTLE BIT.AND IT’S THE DEVIL. YOU KNOW, IT’S THAT T THIS IS A FUN PARTY OVER SUCK THE LIFE OUT OF YOU. ALL I WANTED TO DO, IF IT HAD BEEN IN FRONT OF MY FACE, JUST A LITTLE PILL! K THE POWER OF THAT, YOU BECAUSE IT’S PRESCRIPTION, IT IS EVERY BIT AS DEADLY, AND EVERY BIT AS ADDICTIVE. I WORKED AT A DAY CARE TAKING CARE OF OTHER PEOPLE’S KIDS. DROVE THE BUS, TAKING THEIR KIDS TO SCHOOL. BEFORE I COULD DRIVE THEIR KIDS TO SCHOOL, I WAS IN THE BATHROOM CRUSHING UP PILLS, SNORTING THEM, SO I COULD GO ABOUT MY DAY. THE SAME DAY YOU’RE THERE, SAYING YOU’RE NOT A FUCKING ADDICT, BUT GUESS WHAT, YOU ARE. ARE YOU TAKING THAT HIT, NO, I CAN DO WHAT I WANT. ADDICTED. ONLY SMOKE WEED, IT’S NATURAL, WHATEVER, YOU KNOW, FUCK OFF, YOU KNOW, WHATEVER.>> THE FIRST TIME SOMEBODY USES AN OPIATE DRUG, THE EUPHORIA THAT THEY GET IS SOMETHING THAT THEY CONTINUE TO SEARCH FOR AND SEEK FOR. YOU COULD DO THAT IN THE BEGINNING BY JUST CHEWING ON THE DRUG, OVER TIME, YOU CAN’T GET THAT HIGH ANYMORE. YOU HAVE TO TAKE IT UP TO THE NEXT LEVEL.AND NOBODY SETS OUT THINKING THAT THEY’RE GOING TO END UP BEING A NEEDLE USER, BUT EVERY ONE OF THOSE NEEDLE USERS WILL TELL YOU THAT THEY COULDN’T GET THE HIGH ANYMORE DOING IT THE WAY THEY

WERE DOING. HEROIN BECAME BECAME THE LOVE OF MY LIFE. PUT HEROIN BEFORE MY FAMILY. PUT HEROIN BEFORE MY CHILDREN. I THOUGHT THAT I COULDN’T DO NOTHIN’ IN LIFE ANYMORE WITHOUT HEROIN THERE’S DEFINITELY NO DIFFERENCE BETWEEN, IN MY MIND, A HEROIN ADDICT AND A PILL ADDICT. WE WOULD DO ANYTHING TO GET IT, BREAK THE LAW, WHATEVER. BOTH ADDICTED. GO THROUGH THE WITHDRAWALS. — IT’S THE YOUR FUCKING CABINET SOMEWHERE, YOUR GRANDMOTHER’S CABINET, YOUR FRIEND’S MOM’S CABINET, YOUR FUCKING, ANYWHERE, THAT’S P ILLS, BUT, SHIT, HEROIN COULD BE IN A DRAWER SOMEWHERE. KNOWS? ALL THE SAME SHIT. YOU CAN GET PRESCRIBED TO YOU, AND ONE YOU COP ON THE STREET.>> THERE’S NO WAY TO SAY NO TO OPIATES. HARD H CAN TELL MYSELF NO, NO, NO, BUT MY BODY, AS SOON AS YOU THINK ABOUT IT, YOU GET ANXIETY, YOUR PALMS START TO SWEAT MENTAL — YOUR MENTAL IGNORES I AM VERY ANGRY. ONE OF THE THINGS I’M MOST ANGRY ABOUT — AND I TELL HER ALL THE TIME — IS THAT THAT DRUG WAS SO MUCH MORE IMPORTANT TO YOU THAN ME, AND I’M THE ONE THAT CAN HELP YOU I’M THE ONE THAT HELPS. THE ONE THAT SUPPORTS YOU. THE ONE THAT WILL ALWAYS BE THERE FOR YOU NEED SOMETHING, I’M GOING TO BE THE ONE THAT TAKES CARE OF IT FOR YOU. DESTROYED EVERYTHING GOOD WITHIN YOU WAS SO MUCH MORE APPEALING, WANTED THAT SO MUCH MORE THAN ANYTHING I COULD OFFER HER. I’M AM ANGRY >> THE PROGRESSION OF ADDICTION AND THE BEHAVIOR THAT COMES WITH IT IS PRETTY STANDARD, REGARDLESS OF WHERE YOU’RE BORN, HOW MUCH MONEY YOU HAVE, HOW OLD YOU ARE, WHAT YOUR RACE IS, WHAT YOUR NATIONALITY IS. CAN BE THE SMARTEST PERSON IN THE WORLD. MINUTE THAT CHEMICAL HITS YOUR BLOODSTREAM, YOU LOSE CONTROL OF WHAT IT DOES IN YOUR BODY. CAN’T CONTROL IT. CAN CONTROL IT. DON’T CARE WHO YOU ARE. — IT’S NOT CONTROLLABLE CRACK HOUSES. IT’S ALMOST LIKE SOMETHING YOU SEE ON TV, AN ABANDONED BUILDING, WITH DRUG PARAPHERNALIA EVERYWHERE. MIGHT BE A PISS-STAINED MATTRESS, AND GOD KNOWS WHAT ELSE IS ON IT WAS ACTUALLY A PLACE IN THE CITY WE WERE AT, AND A LADY HAD OVERDOSED IN THE BATHTUB. DIED WAS STILL IN THE BATHTUB. JUST FIND ANOTHER ROOM IN THE HOUSE, AND THAT’S WHAT MY DAY CONSISTED OF. BECAME MY FULL-TIME JOB, THE NEEDLE WAS MY BOSS. VERY DEMANDING BOSS. YOUR WHOLE DAY REVOLVES AROUND IT. GO TO SLEEP DOING IT, WAKE UP DOING IT. LIKE PEOPLE SMOKE AFTER EVERY MEAL, AND YOU HAVE THE FUCKING SHOT AND IT’S THE SAME THING OVER, OVER, AND OVER, AND YOU HAVE TO GET THE HIGH, YOU GOTTA GET IT STUPID WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT IT, BECAUSE I’M WASTING ALL OF THIS MONEY, STEALING FROM MY FAMILY, FRIENDS, JUST TO DO A DRUG AND FALL ASLEEP. II’M, LIKE, CRAP, NOW I GOTTA DO IT ALL OVER AGAIN, STILL CHASING THAT FIRST HIGH., IN ORDER TO BE HIGH, YOU GOTTA AT LEAST GET THERE, YOU GOTTA AT LEAST DO ENOUGH TO WHERE YOU’RE WELL, USUALLY, IF I HAD STUFF THE DAY BEFORE, I’D ALWAYS SAVE A BAG FOR THE MORNING TIME, SO WHEN I WAKE UP, I COULD GET WELL, AND I CALL IT THAT, BECAUSE IN THE END, I WASN’T USING TO GET HIGH ANYMORE. WAS USING TO STAY WELL I NOT EVEN GETTING HIGH TRYING, YOU KNOW, BE ABLE TO GET UP OUT OF BED. HEAD WAS ALWAYS IN MY LAP, YOU KNOW? FEEL LIKE I MISSED A COUPLE YEARS OF MY LIFE, BECAUSE THERE’S A LOT THAT — THERE’S JUST A FOG, A BLACK FOG, ‘CAUSE, YOU KNOW, I REALLY WASN’T MY ADDICTION LEVEL WAS SO BAD THAT I COULDN’T EVEN FUNCTION WITHOUT 40 PILLS WAS ILL, LIKE, LITERALLY, EVERY FOUR HOURS, THE CHILLS I WOULD WAKE UP AND I WOULD BE — I THAT’S THE WAY IT WENT HOW DO YOU KNOW YOU’RE AN ADDICT? WHEN YOU’RE DOING

SOMETHING THAT YOU KNOW IS NOT GOOD FOR YOU, THAT’S HARMING YOU, BUT YOU CAN’T HELP YOU’RE — WHEN YOUR RELATIONSHIPS ARE STARTING TO FALL APART AROUND YOU, AND YOU DON’T CARE, AND THE ONLY THING ON YOUR MIND IS HOW TO GET THE SUBSTANCE AND GET THE NEXT HIGH, YOU’RE AN ADDICT.YOU CAN’T MAINTAIN AN OPIATE ADDICTION AND A NORMAL LIFE I FELT LIKE AFTER THAT FIRST YEAR OF USING IT, I ACTUALLY GOT PHYSICALLY ADDICTED TO WHERE I ACTUALLY NEEDED IT TO — EVEN WAKE UP AND GET OUT OF BED, MOVE AROUND, TAKE A SHOWER, AND THAT’S WHEN I STARTED, YOU KNOW, STEALING FROM MY FAMILY, FRIENDS. KNOW, WHATEVER MONEY I HAD IN MY POCKET WAS ALL GOING TO IT. HAD $500 PAYCHECK, $500 IS GOING TO DOPE. BECAUSE YOU ALWAYS TELL Y OURSELF, BECAUSE YOU TELL YOURSELF, YOU KNOW, I’M NOT ADDICTED. YOU’RE ADDICTED.YOU KNOW WHAT I MEAN? FUCKING ADDICTED. IN DENIAL. GOING TO KEEP FUCKING USING. AT ONE POINT, MY HUSBAND SAID HE WOULD STOP PUTTING GAS IN THE VAN SO I COULD DRIVE THE DISTANCE TO THE CITY TO GET MY DRUGS. SAID, WELL, I’LL SHOW YOU. GOING TO MOVE TO THE CITY, BECAUSE I DON’T NEED MY VAN AND GAS MONEY, BECAUSE THE DOPE DEALERS WILL BE LIVING RIGHT HERE WITH ME THAT’S WHAT I DID. RAN AWAY YOU WILL BE HIGH AND PUT YOURSELF IN SITUATIONS THAT YOU WILL GET HURT. WILL TAKE ADVANTAGE OF YOU. KNOW? BE KNOCKED OUT, IT’S GONNA HAPPEN.YOU’LL GET H>> SOME PEOPLE WHO HAVE MONEY AND THEY DON’T HAVE TO STEAL FOR IT, AND THEN YOU MEET OTHER PEOPLE WHO JUST, YOU KNOW, PAWN THEIR FAMILY’S TV, JUST GET HIGH AND DEAL WITH THE CONSEQUENCES LATER. SHE STOLE CHECKS FROM HER GRANDMOTHER AND SIGNED THEM.SHE STOLE MY DEBIT CARD. IT WASN’T NAILED DOWN, IT WAS IN A PAWNSHOP. SPENT $800 A W MY DAUGHTER, WHO HAD, YOU KNOW, EVERYTHING HANDED TO HER, YOU KNOW, COULD HAVE GONE ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD, VERY BOOK SMART, VERY MOTIVATED, WORKED AT A STRIP CLUB. LITTLE GIRL DEGRADED HERSELF JUST TO WOMEN TURN TO PROSTITUTION, WHICH I’VE DONE WILL STEAL, THEY’LL ROB YOU RIGHT IN FRONT OF YOU.I’VE SEEN GUYS TAKE GUNS OUT, DEALERS, STEAL ‘EM, ROB EVERYTHING ON THEM, NOT EVEN WORRYING ABOUT IF THEY GET SHOT OR END UP IN JAIL. PEOPLE GET FUCKING RAGE, PEOPLE GET KILLED OVER STUPID SHIT. KNOW? JUST — NOW I CAN SAY IT’S JUST A DRUG. LIE, BUT WHEN YOU’RE GETTING HIGH, IT’S NOT JUST A DRUG. SOME FUCKING >> THE BEST THING THAT CAN HAPPEN TO SOMEONE ADDICTED TO OXYCODONE IS THEY COULD BE ARRESTED. THE BEST THING. BEST THING IS THEY CAN BE ARRESTED AND GO TO JAIL. OTHER THAN THAT IS WORSE. GOING TO END IN A BAD WAY. YOU’RE GOING TO GET CAUGHT EVENTUALLY, I JUST DIDN’T THINK IT WOULD BE ME. JUST THOUGHT, THEY MUST HAVE THE WRONG PERSON, YOU KNOW, THEY GOT CAUGHT BECAUSE THEY WEREN’T CAREFUL ENOUGH. SHE WAS PULLED OVER, THEY SEARCHED THE CAR. SHE HAD A QUANTITY OF PILLS. THAT POINT, SHE WAS SMOKING IT, SO THERE WAS SOME TYPE OF PIPE DEVICE, AND SHE WAS ARRESTED AND A CONVICTED FELON AT THE FOUR KIDS YOUNGEST WILL BE 1 THIS MONTH BEEN LOCKED UP FOR A FREAKIN’ EIGHT MONTHS. FIRST TIME I GOT LOCKED UP THIS YEAR, HE WAS 2 WEEKS OLD. HAVEN’T — I DON’T EVEN KNOW MY KID. OTHER THREE ARE IN FOSTER CARE RIGHT NOW NEVER — I NEVER THOUGHT ANY OF THIS WOULD HAPPEN TO ME. ONLY THING I CARE ABOUT IS MY KIDS KIDS ARE SUFFERING. GIVE TWO SHITS, YOU KNOW, BUT MY KIDS, THEY DIDN’T DO ANYTHING IN THIS PARENTS, YOU KNOW, THEY HAVE TO COME VISIT ME — I DON’T EVEN — THROUGH A FUCKING WINDOW, YOU KNOW, THROUGH A FUCKING CAMERA, A CAMCORDER. SUCKS. NOT WORTH IT. LOSING YOUR FREEDOM SUCKS, THEY TELL YOU WHEN TO GET UP, WHAT TO EAT, WHEN YOU EAT, WORRY ABOUT THE OTHER PEOPLE THAT ARE IN HERE, THAT ARE IN HERE FOR, YOU KNOW, LIFE, AND THEY DON’T

CARE ABOUT YOU. I WAS SUPPOSED TO GO TO COURT NOVEMBER 2011, AND THE JUDGE WAS SUPPOSED TO LET ME GO. GAVE ME THE MAXIMUM, WHICH WAS 23 MONTHING, TWO YEARS, INSTEAD OF THE 10 MONTHS I WAS SO ANGRY. RETROSPECT I’M VERY THANKFUL, BECAUSE I KNOW FOR 100% CERTAINTY I BO — GONE BACK OUT AND DONE IT AGAIN. I GOT KICKED OUT OF THE HOUSE AND MET THE NEIGHBORHOOD FRIENDLY DRUG DEALERS, AND THEY’RE, LIKE, YOU CAN CRASH ON THIS C THEY GAVE ME STUFF HERE AND THERE. IT WASN’T NEVER ENOUGH FOR ME TO EVEN ENJOY IT, SO I WROTE FAKE PRESCRIPTIONS. YOU DON’T THINK ABOUT ANYTHING. DON’T THINK ABOUT ANYBODY YOU’RE HURTING DON’T THINK BEFORE AND AFTER, YOU DON’T THINK THE SEVEN DUDES IN YOUR HOUSE, YOU DON’T THINK YOU’RE GOING TO BE ON THE FUCKING NEWS, YOU DON’T THINK ANYTHING. DON’T THINK ANY OF THAT SHIT! GET OFF EVERY GENERATION SEEMS TO HAVE THEIR DRUG OF CHOICE. THIS GENERATION SEEMS TO HAVE FOUND PRESCRIPTION OPIATES AS THAT DRUG OF CHOICE. EVEN MORE UNFORTUNATELY, THE CONSEQUENCES OF THOSE DRUGS ARE FAR MORE DEVASTATING THAN ANYTHING ELSE WE’VE SEEN AND PHYSIOLOGICALLY SPEAKING, THERE’S VERY LITTLE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN OXYCODONE, MORPHINE, AND HEROIN. JUST THAT ONE COMES IN A PRESCRIPTION BOTTLE AND ANOTHER ONE COMES IN A IN THE BEGINNING, I WOULD ALWAYS TRY TO GET PILLS, BECAUSE YOU KNOW WHAT YOU’RE GETTING, YOU KNOW? KNOW IT’S ALWAYS GOING TO BE THEN, ME VENT — EVENTUALLY IT’S TOO EXPENSIVE. THEN YOU TAKE THE CHANCE OF GETTING GOOD STUFF AND OVERDOSING, OR FAKE STUFF, OR STUFF THAT ISN’T GOOD ENOUGH TO A LOT OF MY FRIENDS WERE TRYING HEROIN, YOU KNOW, JUST TO GET THE SAME HIGH FROM THE OXYCONTIN, AND IT WAS CHEAPER SO, I, OF COURSE, GOT INTO IT. IT JUST — YEAH, JUST GRABBED — JUST GRABBED ME, YOU KNOW? I CAN TELL YOU THIS, THAT I THINK SHE WAS ABLE TO ACCESS HEROIN — MORE HEROIN EASILY THAN THE PILLS, WHEN SHE WAS USING ONE OR USING THE OTHER WAS THE SAME HORRIBLE, DIFFICULT PERSON. I ALWAYS SAID I WOULD NEVER TOUCH HEROIN EVER IN MY LIFE, AND IT WAS PRESCRIPTION DRUGS THAT LED ME TO TRY HEROIN DRUGS ARE THE SAME THING. AN OPIATE. CAN GET FOUR SHOTS FOR THE PRICE OF ONE PILL. AND IT’S A DIRTY DRUG, BECAUSE YOU NEVER KNOW WHAT YOU’RE GOING TO GET CAN CUT IT WITH SOMETHING THAT HOW MOST PEOPLE OVERDOSE, IS THAT IT’S CUT WITH SOMETHING BAD. THE DOCTOR ASKED ME, HE SAID, WHERE ARE YOU GETTING YOUR HEROIN FROM? KNOW? THOUGHT, I’LL NEVER TELL YOU WHO I’M GETTING IT FROM. SAID, I DON’T WANT TO KNOW FROM WHO. SAID, I WANT TO TELL YOU ME FROM WHERE SAID, WELL, YOU’RE SHOOTING UP HEROIN, AND THEY’RE USING MEAT TENDERIZER AS A CUTTING AGENT NOT LIKE A BAG OF HEROIN COMES WITH INGREDIENTS ON THE BACK COURSE YOU TRUST YOUR DRUG DEALER THAT HE’LL KEEP YOU COMING BACK TO HIM, BUT HE CLAIMS HE DIDN’T KNOW ETHAT’S YEAH. IT EATS EVERYTHING AWAY IN HERE, FUCKING THEY SHOOT UP MEAT TENDERIZER, AND THEY HAVE THE BLUE-BLACK MARKS, AND I’M, LIKE, WHAT THE FUCK IS THAT, AND THAT’S MEAT TENDERIZER. HAVE A FEW OF ‘EM. DO YOU MEAN? LEARN? DON’T LEARN. TRYING TO GET HIGH DOESN’T MATTER. A LOT OF MY FRIENDS HAVE HAD ABSCESSES, AND, LIKE, STAPH INFECTION, WHICH TURNS INTO MRSA, YOU KNOW, HEP-C. KNOW, IF THAT’S YOUR ONLY NEEDLE, THAT’SAGAIN. AT ONE POINT I HAD AN ABSCESS IN MY LEG THAT WAS SO BAD IT — HAD STAPH INFECTION, MY LEG WAS, LIKE, FOUR TIMES ITS NORMAL CUT MY LEG OPEN TO CLEAN IT OUT, I HAD MAGGOTS IN MY LEG. WERE EATING THE ROT, THE INFECTION. WASN’T ENOUGH FOR ME TO QUIT. GOT OUT OF THE HOSPITAL, THEY GAVE ME A PIC

LINE, AN I.V. I HAD THE DOPE DEALER COME INTO THE HOSPITAL AND SHOOT HEROIN INTO MY I.V LINE. HAVE CONTRACTED HEPATITIS C SHARING NEEDLES WITH PEOPLE THAT I DON’T KNOW WHO. SHOT UP TOILET WATER, BECAUSE I DIDN’T WANT TO SPEND ANY MONEY TO GO BUY A BOTTLE OF WATER, SO WE WOULD STOP AT PUBLIC RESTROOMS AND USE TOILET WATER TO MIX WITH IT, TO SHOOT IT UP. ON THE SIDE OF THE ROAD, JUST SUCK IT UP IN THE NEEDLE AND SHOOT OUR D DIDN’T CARE WHAT IT WAS GOING TO DO TO ME LATER O JUST WANTED THE FEELING OF IT WITHDRAWAL FOR THE INDIVIDUALS THAT ARE TAKING THE HEROIN THAT’S AVAILABLE NOW LOOKS LIKE EXTRAORDINARY PHYSICAL MUSCULAR VERY FEW PEOPLE CAN ACTUALLY MANAGE IT. YOU KNOW HOW WHEN YOUR WHOLE BODY HURTS, WHEN YOU HAVE A FLU, AND, LIKE, JUST — IT’S LIKE 15 TIMES WORSE THAN THAT. YOU’RE GETTING SICK. KNOW WHO THE FUCK YOU ARE, IF YOU THINK YOU’RE STRONGER THAN SOME FUCKING DOPE, YOU’RE NOT. BODY WILL GIVE IN, YOUR MIND WILL GIVE IN, YOUR JUDGMENT WILL GIVE IN, YOU’RE GOING TO FUCKING BOW. THAT’S JUST THE FUCKING WAY IT IS. WAY IT IS. FUCKING WITHDRAWAL IS — IS A BITCH. YOU FEEL LIKE YOU’RE GOING TO DIE, AND YOU’RE WILLING TO DO ANYTHING TO GET THAT NEXT HIGH SO YOU CAN FEEL NORMAL. MEAN, I REMEMBER HER IN HER ROOM CRYING AND JUST BUSTING HER ROOM UP, SCREAMING AT ME, “JUST GET ME A LITTLE, JUST GET ME A LITTLE SO I CAN SO, LIKE, YOUR SKIN IS CRAWLING AND YOU CAN’T SIT S CAN’T MOVE. CONSTANTLY SNEEZE WHOLE BODY FUCKING HURTS, ACHES ARE CRAPPING ON THEMSELVES. ARE PUKING ON THEMSELVES, SOME DOING BOTH AT THE SAME TIME WOULD PROBABLY RATHER BE DEAD THAN ACTUALLY GO THROUGH A WITHDRAWAL.>> IT WAS H WAS SITTING ON THE TOILET, DIARRHEA, VOMITING ON THE FLOOR, SO WEAK I COULDN’T EVEN — MOVE. LAYING THERE LIKE — I DON’T WANT TO EAT, DRINK, NOTHING. IT’S JUST SOMETHING THAT I NEVER, EVER WANT TO EXPERIENCE AGAIN. IS THE WORST FEELING EVER. I WOULDN’T EVEN — I WOULDN’T WISH THAT FEELING UPON MY WORST ENEMY, THAT’S HOW EVERY DAY I COME TO WORK KNOWING THAT SOMEBODY DIED.AND MORE TIMES THAN NOT, WE HAVE AT LEAST ONE PRESCRIPTION DRUG OR OTHER SUBSTANCE ABUSE CASE FRIENDS, YOUR FAMILY WILL FIND YOU DEAD, AND THEN WHAT HAPPENS? IS THE IMAGE THEY GET STUCK WITH FOR THE REST OF I’VE LOST SEVERAL FRIENDS TO HEROIN AND PRESCRIPTION PILL OVERDOSE. I KNOW TWO PEOPLE ON A PERSONAL LEVEL THAT HAD DIED FROM IT. YOU KNOW, ONE TIME MY FRIEND, SHE GOT OUT OF HERE, SHE FUCKING GOT HIGH. WASN’T EVEN OUT SIX DAYS. WAS DEAD. ONE OF MY FRIENDS, SHE TOOK HER NORMAL DOSE, AND O.D.’d. SISTER FOUND HER WITH A NEEDLE IN HER ARM, IN HER ROOM. WAS ON THE DAY I OVERDOSED, I WAS HAVING A HARD TIME FINDING A VEIN, AND A GIRLFRIEND OF MINE SAID, WELL, JUST GO IN YOUR NECK, YOU HAVE YOUR JUGULAR VEIN. SAID, OKAY DIDN’T LET ME PUSH ALL OF THE HEROIN IN. INSTANTLY, IT KILLED ME. THE AMBULANCE GOT THERE, THEY — THEY GAVE ME A SHOT OF NARCAN, AND I WAS NOT RESPONSIVE, AND THAT’S ADRENALINE, WHICH IS TO J UMP-START YOUR HEART, AND IT DIDN’T WORK THEY HAD TO USE THE BUT WHEN I CAME TO, I UNHOOKED THE I.V. FROM THE POLE , UNHOOKED ALL OF THE LITTLE THINGS THEY HAD ON ME, AND

WALKED OUT, GOT IN MY VAN. UP TO THE DOPE DEALER WITH THE GOWN ON, THESE THINGS STUCK ALL OVER ME, THE I.V. IN SOLD ME HEROIN. SAME HEROIN THAT JUST KILLED ME.TIMES BEFORE I TURNED IT BACK EVERYTHING CAME TO A HEAD. WAS WRITING PRESCRIPTIONS FULL ON WITH I ENDED UP GETTING CAUGHT, THEN WHILE I WAS IN JAIL, MY DAUGHTER GOT INVOLVED WITH SOME WHAT I UNDERSTAND, HER FRIENDS WERE ALL DOING PRESCRIPTION PILLS. DIDN’T EVEN KNOW IT WAS A PROBLEM, JUST THOUGHT IT WAS MY SAID, MOM, YOU DON’T HAVE ANY RIGHT TO TALK. AT YOU, LOOK WHERE YOU KIRSTYN, YOU SAW WHERE CAN’T IMAGINE YOU WOULD DO THE SAME WAS, LIKE, YOU MUST HAVE NODDED OFF THE PHONE WAS SATURDAY MORNING, SATURDAY AFTERNOON JAIL TOLD ME — WENT UP, AND BECAUSE HER FATHER AND I WERE BOTH AND THE CHECK CAME AND TOLD US, YOU KNOW, WHAT HAD HAPPENED. OVERDOSE.AND INITIALLY THEY SAID SHE HAD PASSED, AND THEN THEY SAID SHE WAS IN I.C.U, STRUGGLING FOR LIFE WANTED ME, YOU KNOW, TALK TO THE DOCTOR, AND THE DOCTOR RECOMMENDED I DISCONNECT ALL LIFE SUPPORT. I THEN, AFTER SEVEN RESUSCITATION EFFORTS, I GUESS, EVENTUALLY, THAT MORNING SHE HER FUNERAL, MOST ALL THE IS REAL. I WILL SAY, BECAUSE I REMEMBER BEING THAT TEENAGER, TOO, SO I KNOW, NOT LIKE I MOCK IT, BUT IT’S REAL. MEAN, I THINK I’M STILL IN SHOCK. IS — IT IS A HARD — I DON’T EVEN KNOW HOW TO PUT IT INTO WORDS. THAT’S WHY I’M ABLE TO DEAL WITH IT, BECAUSE IT’S SO MIND-NUMBING, THAT SOMEONE YOU LOVE THAT MUCH — SHE WAS MY MEBODY YOU LOVE THAT MUCH, YOU CAN LOSE YOU CAN’T GO BACK AND SAY “I’M SORRY” OR SET A BETTER EXAMPLE AND TALK THEM OUT OF IT YOU KNOW? I KNOW SHE DIDN’T WANT TO GO. KNOW THAT’S NOT WHAT SHE WANTED. KNOW THAT SHE HAD, YOU KNOW, ALL THESE THINGS SHE WANTED TO DO, AND I KNOW THAT AS THEY RESUSCITATED HER THROUGH THE NIGHT, THAT WAS HER WAY OF CLINGING TO L IT WAS — I LOVE MY CHILDREN MORE THAN ANYTHING IN THE WORLD. WALK THROUGH I KNOW A LOT OF PARENTS YOU CAN’T FEEL THAT WAY. HAVE TO UNDERSTAND WHAT YOU’RE DEALING WITH IS NOT YOUR CHILD. PUT MY OWN THAT’S NOT AN EASY DECISION TO MAKE. NOT A FUN DECISION. WANTS TO KNOW THAT THEIR — YOU KNOW, THEIR LITTLE GIRL SHE WAS SEVEN MONTHS CLEAN, EATING HEALTHY, GETTING HER REST, NO DRUGS. SON, MY NEPHEW, MY MOTHER AND I WENT TOGETHER. SHE CAME OUT AND JUST — SHE WAS HEALTHY. WAS GREAT! WERE NO PROBLEMS, NO FIGHTING, NO TALKING ABOUT, YOU KNOW, “MOM, I’M FEELING — I’M FEELING FUNNY.” NEED TO GO TO A MEETING JUST THAT LITTLE GIRL AT 16 BEFORE ALL THIS STUFF STARTED WHO SHE WAS. THEN JUST — SHE ASKED TO GO TO THE STORE GET A

PACK OF CIGARETTES. SHE CAME HOME, SAID, OH, YOU KNOW, MOM, I’M SORRY I WAS LATE. DIDN’T HAVE MY CIGARETTES. HAD TO GO TO ANOTHER KNOW? THINGS ARE FINE COOKING DINNER.WAS, LIKE, YOU WANT TO HELP ME COOK? WAS, LIKE, NO, I DON’T WANT TO GO IN MY ROOM AND WATCH TV. SHE WAS SO BUBBLY KNOW, LIKE NOTHING. UPSTAIRS, AND IT WAS MAYBE 40 DINNER. THE KIDS. COME DOWN. CIERRA DIDN’T COME D MEAN, SHE FELL ASLEEP OR SOMETHING. I GO UPSTAIRS, AND KNOCKING, KNOCKING, KNOCKING ON THE DOOR, AND THERE’S NO ANSWER I OPEN THAT DOOR AND MY LITTLE GIRL IS ON THE I REMEMBER WHEN I PUSHED ON HER CHEST, I HEARD THAT LAST B THE — ] I WAS IN MY KITCHEN, COOKING DINNER, AND THAT HAPPENED.17 STEPS IDEA THAT WHEN SHE LEFT THIS HOUSE THAT WAS GOING TO HAPPEN I SPEND MY SUNDAYS LOOKING AT A GRAY HEADSTONE IN A PATCH OF GRASS MY TOOK THAT WRONG MY GIRLFRIEND, CIERRA, YOU KNOW, SHE PASSED AWAY A YEAR AGO THIS MONTH. KNOW, THAT’S A CONSTANT, BIG REMINDER IN MY HEAD THAT, YOU KNOW, IF I DIDN’T PICK THE STUFF UP ONCE, YOU KNOW, IT’S GONNA KILL ME THERE’S NOT A DAY GOES BY THAT I DON’T THINK ABOUT HER, YOU KNOW, NOT A MORNING I WAKE UP THAT I WISH SHE WAS LAYING THERE BESIDE ME, YOU KNOW? WAS MY BEST FRIEND. WENT TO HIGH MET HER IN HIGH SCHOOL — JUST MISS WISH SHE WAS STILL HERE WITH ME CIERRA CAME HOME ON FEBRUARY 12 th. DIED GOT OUT, STILL CALLING HER, STILL CALLING HER. THAT POWERFUL THAT YOU COULD SPEND SEVEN MONTHS CLEAN, CLEAN, AND BEING EDUCATED ON NOTHING BUT HOW TO BEAT IT, HOW BAD IT IS FOR YOU, YOU KNOW, ALL OF I YOU LAST THE SPIRAL DOWN IS SO FAST, YOU KNOW? DOESN’T TAKE MUCH LOST MY DAUGHTER, FIRST AND FOREMOST. I LOST PICTURES, EVERY MATERIAL POSSESSION I HAD. HAD NEVER BEEN IN TROUBLE IN MY LIFE. NOW A FELON , AT 41 YEARS OLD. ALL THAT WORK I DID, ALL THOSE DREAMS I HAD, YOU KNOW, IT’S LIKE I’M STARTING OVER AGAIN. WAS A HUGE WEIGHT ON MY SHOULDERS, YOU KNOW? FOR DAD DOESN’T EVEN TRUST ME ANYMORE, WHICH IS HARD, BECAUSE MY DAD’S ALWAYS TRUSTED ME MY WHOLE LIFE. NEVER HAD MY DAD LOOK AT ME WITH DISAPPOINTMENT BEFORE THIS. CRIMINAL, AN ADDICT. HOW HE WILL ALWAYS PERCEIVE ME. SAY NO. SAY NO. NOT

UNCOOL FOR SAYING NO. MORE COOL FOR SAYING NO, I WISH I COULD HAVE IF I COULD GO BACK AND DO IT ALL OVER, I WOULD DEFINITELY GO I DIDN’T FEEL LIKE I WAS PHYSICALLY HOOKED, BUT THAT’S BECAUSE I NEVER GAVE IT A CHANCE TO STOP. DIDN’T REALLY LEARN HOW TO ENJOY LIFE WITHOUT DRUGS I WANTED TO QUIT, I WAS TOO SCARED TO ASK FOR HELP. DON’T WANT TO FREAK MY PARENTS OUT BY TELLING THEM I’M HOOKED ON SOME HARD-CORE DRUGS IT’S IT WILL GET YOU. NO DIFFERENT WILL — IT WILL DESTROY YOUR LIFE. WILL END UP IN A JAIL. END UP DEAD. YOU’LL BE IN SOME CRAZY INSTITUTION FOR THE REST OF YOUR LIFE, AND THAT’S SERIOUS, AND THAT’S FOR REAL. IT TOOK ME COMING TO JAIL, BEING INCARCERATED. IT TOOK ME MISSING MY MOM’S FUNERAL, MISSING MY CHILDREN GROW UP, IT’S TAKEN ALL OF THIS. NOBODY IN THEIR RIGHT MIND WOULD TURN THEIR BACK ON THEIR DYING MOM FOR A DRUG. WANT TO BE THAT LOVING AND CARING MOM THAT MY MOM WAS TO ME, TO MY GIRLS. DON’T WANT THEM TO HATE ME, TO RESENT ME. DON’T WANT THEM TO BE EMBARRASSED BY IF YOU WANT TO FAIL FOR THE REST OF YOUR LIFE, IF YOU WANT TO BE IN AND OUT OF JAIL, IF YOU WANT TO PROBABLY LOSE EVERYTHING THAT FUCKING MATTERS TO YOU, GO AHEAD AND GETIF YOU WANT WANT TO FREAKIN’ GET MARRIED LIKE EVERY GOOD PART OF MY LIFE, I WASN’T GETTING HIGH KNOW, EVERY GOOD PART OF MY LIFE, ANY DRUG ADDICT WILL TELL YOU THAT. TO BE A FLUNKY, GO ON I’VE BEEN THERE, DONE THAT, AND I CIERRA DID NOT TAKE LIFE FOR GRANTED UNTIL SHE STARTED USING IS MUCH STRONGER THAN YOU THIS DOESN’T JUST AFFECT YOU AFFECTS EVERYBODY IN YOUR FAMILY, FOR THE REST OF THEIR WE’RE THE ONES STUCK HERE, MISSING YOU. THERE’S HELP GOTTA TAKE IT. THINK YOU CAN DO IT ALONE, YOUR JUST WANT THE IT’S SOMETHING I’LL DEAL WITH FOR THE REST OF MY KNOW, TO BE HONEST, I ACTUALLY — I RELAPSED ABOUT A MONTH AGO, AND USED FOR ABOUT A MONTH, AND I HAD A WEEK — I HAD A WEEK CLEAN ON WEDNESDAY. YOU KNOW, THAT’S SOMETHING — THAT JUST SHOWS HOW — HOW POWERFULFOR ME TO LOSE SOMEBODY A YEAR AGO AND NOT EVEN A YEAR GOES BY AND I’M USING AGAIN, HOW POWERFUL THIS STUFF IS. JUST — I TRY MY BEST TO STICK WITH IT, BECAUSE I KNOW IT WILL IT’S SOMETHING I WORK IT’S GOING TO TAKE YOU TO HELL AND BACK, AND IF YOU’RE LUCKY, YOU KNOW, YOU’LL MAKE IT BACK JUST NOT WORTH KNOW? I WERE — IF I COULD GO BACK — IF I KNEW WHAT I KNOW NOW ABOUT THIS, IF I COULD GO BACK, I WOULD DO IT WITH LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, PLEASE WELCOME TO THE STAGE CHUCK R

OSENBERG, ACTING ADMINISTRATOR, I FORGOT I WAS SUPPOSED TO WANT TO THANK YOU ALL FOR COMING. AWFULLY GLAD THAT YOU TOOK PART OF YOUR DAY, PART OF YOUR EVENING TO IS IMPORTANT STUFF. WANT TO TELL YOU WHY WANT TO DO IT RELATIVELY BRIEFLY, AND I’D LIKE TO DO IT IN A WAY THAT HELPS YOU REMEMBER SOME OF WHAT YOU HAVE SEEN AND WILL HEAR THINK THERE ARE CERTAIN WORDS IN OUR LEXICON THAT ARE VASTLY OVERUSED UNPRECEDENTED, UNIQUE, EPIDEMIC AN EPIDEMIC. WORD IS NOT OVERUSED HERE. IS PRECISELY WHAT WHEN I USE NUMBERS, I FEEL PEOPLE WANT TO HEAR BLAH, BLAH, BLAH, BIG NUMBER, BLAH, BLAH, BLAH, BIG NUMBER. HERE ARE SOME BIG NUMBERS. GOING TO TRY TO PUT THEM IN YOU’RE LIKE ME, I WASN’T VERY GOOD AT MATH, BIG NUMBERS TEND TO GO IN ONE EAR AND OUT THE O BEAR WITH ME ONE MINUTE. LOSE ABOUT 47,000 PEOPLE A DRUG OVERDOSE. PEOPLE TRY TO PUT THAT IN A CONTEXT THAT MIGHT UNDERGRADS NUMBER ABOUT 1,800 GIVE OR TAKE. WOULD BE, LIKE, 25 YEARS’ WORTH OF GRADUATES OF THIS INSTITUTION VANISHING FROM THE PLANET, LIKE THAT. 25 YEARS OF THE LAST CLASSES OF GEORGETOWN UNDERGRADS SIMPLY DISAPPEARING. ABOUT DON’T CHECK MY MOUTH, ARE 5% OF THE WORLD’S POPULATION AS AMERICANS, AND WE CONSUME 99% OF THE WORLD’S HYDROCODONE. ABOUT THOSE NUMBERS, 5% OF THE POPULATION, 99% OF THE HYDROCODONE, ALSO STUNNING. WE KNOW THE PATH FROM ABUSING PILLS, MOST OF WHICH ARE OBTAINED, AT LEAST INITIALLY LEGITIMATELY, TO USING AND ABUSING HEROIN IS NOT JUST CORRELATIVE, BUT CAUSATIVE. HAVE ABOUT 580 NEW HEROIN USERS IN THE UNITED STATES, 4 OUT OF 5 OF THEM STARTED ON PILLS, AND MOST OF THEM GOT IT OUT OF THE MEDICINE CABINET OF A PARENT, A LOVED ONE, A FRIEND. WHO GOT IT LEGITIMATELY, WHO GAVE IT TO SOMEONE THEY LOVED, PERHAPS KNOWINGLY OR UNKNOWINGLY, WHO BECAME A HEROIN USER, WHO BECAME PART OF THAT AWFUL STATISTIC — STUFF IS REALLY, REALLY IMPORTANT, AND I’M AWFULLY GLAD THAT WE’RE TALKING ABOUT IT TRYING TO THINK ABOUT THIS AT THE DEA IN SEVERAL WAYS. SINCE I WAS A BRAND-NEW BABY PROSECUTOR, I KNEW I WASN’T GOING TO ENFORCE OR JAIL OR PROSECUTE OUR WAY OUT OF THIS MESS. OF THIS HAS TO BE — HAS TO BE — DEMAND REDUCTION, AND PART OF THAT INVOLVES ALL OF YOU. TAKE THIS, SHOW IT TO SOMEONE YOU LOVE, HAVE THAT CONVERSATION. JUST LEAVE HERE TONIGHT AND DO NOTHING. IS AN

EPIDEMIC, AND WE ARE LOSING WAY TOO MANY PRIVILEGE TO INTRODUCE SOMEBODY WHO I CONSIDER NOT JUST A FRIEND, BUT A MENTOR, A FORMER COLLEAGUE, PROBABLY THE BEST AND SMARTEST PUBLIC SERVANT I HAVE MET IN MY ENTIRE LIFE, ALSO MY FRIEND, JIM COMEY, THE DIRECTOR WELL, THANK YOU FOR THAT, CHUCK. ONLY PART OF THE FILM THAT ISN’T WONDERFUL IS THE PART WE’RE IN, AT THE BEGINNING. WE ARE IN THIS BECAUSE IN IS AFFECTING AND CHANGING OUR COUNTRY. ASK ME, WHY THE FBI, WHICH DOESN’T HAVE A DRUG MISSION AT ITS CENTER AS THE DEA DOES. IS THE FBI DOING STUFF LIKE THIS? IS THE FBI DIRECTOR STANDING HERE? TELL YOU THERE’S A FEW REASONS. FIRST IS BECAUSE WE ARE PART OF THIS COUNTRY AND EVERY COMMUNITY IN THIS COUNTRY ARE ALMOST 500 OFFICES AROUND THE EVERYWHERE, AND WE SEE THE PAIN AND THE TOLL OF THIS EVERYWHERE.AND SO AS PEOPLE WHO CARE ABOUT CHILDREN AND NEIGHBORS AND FRIENDS AND RELATIVES, WE WANT TO HELP, BUT ALSO ALIGNING OUR PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES, BECAUSE WE SEE THE ECHOES OF THIS IN ALL OF OUR OTHER WORK, IN OUR SEX TRAFFICKING WORK. SEE ECHOES IN OUR SEX-TORTION WORK, OUR MONEY LAUNDERING WORK, OUR GANGS WORK SEE IT AFFECTING ALL OF AMERICA. WHY WE’VE JOINED UP WITH OUR PARTNERS AT THE DEA TO TRY TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE, TO TRY TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE IN A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT WAYS. ARREST PEOPLE. TRY TO DISRUPT THE DISTRIBUTORS, THE GANGS, THE C ARTELS, THE CORRUPT OPS THAT ARE DRIVING THIS. KNOW YOU CAN’T ARREST YOUR WAY OUT OF ANY PROBLEM, BUT AS CHUCK SAID, YOU CAN RAISE AWARENESS AND HOPING TO STEER GOOD PEOPLE AWAY FROM SOMETHING THAT WILL SWALLOW THEIR LIVES. WORD ABOUT GOOD PEOPLE. ARE PEOPLE IN THIS AUDITORIUM, PEOPLE WHO PARTICIPATED IN THIS FILM WHO HAVE SUFFERED GRIEVOUS LOSS, WHO HAVE LOST SOME IMMEASURABLE THINGS IN THEIR LIVES. DON’T KNOW WHY BAD THINGS HAPPEN TO GOOD PEOPLE STRUGGLED WITH IT MY ENTIRE LIFE. OF SUCH-AND-SUCH OF GOD BEING GOODWILL. STRUGGLE TO UNDERSTAND WHY. WHAT I BELIEVE TO MY CORE. MATTER WHY THAT BAD THING HAPPENED TO A GOOD FAMILY, TO A GOOD CHILD, TO A GOOD SPOUSE, OUR OBLIGATION IS TO NOT LET EVIL HOLD THE FIELD, TO MAKE SURE SOMETHING GOOD COMES FROM THAT LOSS. TO MAKE IT WORTH IT, IT’LL NEVER BE WORTH IT, BUT SIMPLY BECAUSE THAT’S OUR OBLIGATION TO GO ON AND TO ENSURE THAT EVIL IS FAULT. TO THE MOMS AND DADS, TO THE BROTHERS AND SISTERS WHO ARE HERE, WHO HAVE THE SCOURGE TO MAKE SOMETHING GOOD TO COME FROM INDESCRIBABLE LOSS. MAKING AN ENORMOUS DIFFERENCE. I’LL SAY PART OF MAKING A DIFFERENCE IS WHAT THESE MOMS, DADS, BROTHERS, AND SISTERS HAVE DONE. THAT IS INSIST UPON HAVING THE CONVERSATION. OF THE THINGS WE FIND IN OUR WORK IS THAT GOOD PEOPLE HAVE A TENDENCY TO WRITE AN INNOCENT NARRATIVE OVER TROUBLING FACTS. JUST IN THE COUNTERTERRORISM WORLD WHERE PEOPLE HAVE A TENDENCY TO SAY, WELL, I MUST HAVE MISUNDERSTOOD WHAT THAT GUY WAS UP TO. IN THIS WORLD INVOLVING THIS EPIDEMIC, PEOPLE HAVE THE TENDENCY TO SAY, I MUST BE UNDERSTANDING, HE JUST MUST BE HAVING A BAD DAY, OR SHE MUST BE HAVING A JOB PERFORMANCE PROBLEM, IT MUST BE RELATED TO SOMETHING I CAN’T SEE. THEY WRITE A NARRATIVE OVER TROUBLING FACTS. WHAT WE NEED THEM TO DO, WHAT THE PEOPLE WHO ARE HERE MAKING GOOD COME FROM INCREDIBLE LOSS NEED THEM TO DO, IS HAVE THAT CONVERSATION. THIS BE THE SPUR TO LET YOU TAKE A STEP FORWARD, AND INSTEAD OF WRITING A NARRATIVE OVER DIFFICULT FACTS, ASK WHAT IS GOING ON, AND DO YOU HAVE A PROBLEM I CAN HELP YOU WITH, OR FIND SOMEONE TO GET YOU HELP? WATCHING FILMS IS A GOOD THING IF WE LET THIS CHANGE THE WAY WE INTERACT WITH OTHER PEOPLE, THAT WOULD BE A FAR BETTER THING. THANK YOU FOR MAKING GOOD COME FROM THIS LOSS. ARE HONORED TO BE PART OF IT. DO OUR ABSOLUTE BEST TO HELP IN EVERY WAY WE CAN I’M DEAN MONTGOMERY, PUBLIC POLICY HERE AT GEORGETOWN,

BEFORE WE OPEN UP FOR QUESTIONS FROM THE AUDIENCE, I WANTED TO ECHO DIRECTOR COMEY, AND ATTORNEY GENERAL LYNCH OF THE FAMILIES, IN THE MOVIE, WHO SHARED THEIR STORIES WITH US TODAY. WE GIVE THEM A ROUND OF APPLAUSE AND THANK THEM FOR I THINK THERE IS A MICROPHONE THAT PEOPLE ARE ENCOURAGED TO LINE UP WITH, AND IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS, WE’LL HAVE SOME TIME TO TALK TO THE ADMINISTRATOR AND THE FBI DIRECTOR. FEEL FREE HI, JUST WAS CURIOUS WITH THE 99% OF CONSUMPTION IN THE U.S., DEMAND REDUCTION IS CLEARLY IMPORTANT. WHY ISN’T SUPPLY REDUCTION? WE KNOW THIS DRUG CAUSES A CHEMICAL HIT IN PEOPLE’S HEADS, WHY ARE WE EVEN LEGALLY DISTRIBUTING IT? WELL, IT’S A VERY GOOD QUESTION. THINK ABOUT THIS IN A NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS — DEMAND REDUCTION, OF COURSE, EDUCATING FOLKS ABOUT THE DANGER. WE ALSO DO SUPPLY REDUCTION, AND THAT TAKES DIFFERENT OF SUPPLY REDUCTION IS ENFORCEMENT. OPERATIONS TO GET, AS DIRECTOR COMEY SAID, BAD DOCTORS OR BAD ACTORS OFF THE STREET. CDC RECENTLY PUT OUT, I THINK, VERY GOOD AND IMPORTANT GUIDELINES TO TRY TO HELP PRESCRIBERS UNDERSTAND THEIR ROLE IN THIS P THE WAY, MOST PRESCRIBERS ARE, YOU KNOW, GOOD, CARING, HONEST DOCS. WANT THE BEST FOR THEIR PATIENTS. WE HAVE AN OVERPRESCRIPTION PROBLEM, AND SO EDUCATING DOCTORS. ALSO, YOU KNOW, INVOLVING FOLKS WHO DO REHAB AND TREATMENT, WORK IN COMMUNITIES WHETHER IT’S FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS, ALL OF THAT IS PART OF THE WHOLE CALL IT OUR 360 STRATEGY. IT’S DEMAND REDUCTION, SUPPLY REDUCTION, ENFORCEMENT, ALL OF — AT A WELL, HYDROCODONE AND OXYCODONE ARE MEDICINES, AND THEY DO GOOD FOR PEOPLE IN THE RIGHT AMOUNT, AND THE TRICK IS FIGURING OUT WHAT THE RIGHT WAY AND THE RIGHT AMOUNTS ARE. CLEARLY OUT OF ALIGNMENT RIGHT NOW. NEED TO GET BACK INTO THANK YOU ALL FOR COMING DOWN TO TALK TO US. WAS JUST WONDERING HOW WE CAN HELP THE PEOPLE THAT HAVE ALREADY BEEN ADDICTED TO THESE DRUGS? IN THE VIDEO THAT A LOT OF THE PEOPLE THAT WENT TO JAIL, THEY SAID THAT’S THE BEST THING THAT CAN HAPPEN TO THESE PEOPLE. EVEN AT JAIL, AND OUT OF JAIL, THEY ARE CONTINUING TO BE ADDICTED. WAS WONDERING WHAT WE CAN DO WELL, I ALSO HOPE YOU’LL ASK THAT QUESTION TO THE PANEL THAT WILL BE UP HERE NEXT. IN SOME WAYS, NOT ONLY IS IT A STELLAR PANEL, BUT THEY ARE BETTER SITUATED TO ANSWER THAT QUESTION. HAVE TO SPEND MORE MONEY IN THIS COUNTRY, I BELIEVE, ON TREATMENT AND REHAB. HAVE TO HAVE MORE FACILITIES AVAILABLE. THERE’S A BIT OF A MYTH ABOUT THE DEA. NOT PROSECUTING USERS, MY SENSE OF IT, MY STRONG SENSE, IS THAT AT THAT LEVEL, IT’S A PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUE AND NOT A IF WE CARE ABOUT THAT USER POPULATION AND WE WANT TO HELP THEM, THEN WE HAVE TO PUT OUR MONEY WHERE OUR MOUTH IS. THINK WE HAVE TO DO A LOT MORE IN TERMS OF REHAB SO I THINK ONE OF THE REALLY POWERFUL PARTS ABOUT THE MOVIE WAS IT SHOWED EMPATHY FOR THE PEOPLE IMPLICATED IN IT. I THINK IS A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT APPROACH FROM THE WAR ON DRUGS IN THE ’80s AND ’90s, WHICH HAD MORE OF A PUNITIVE APPROACH, SO HOW HAS IT CHANGED SINCE THEN, AND HOW HAS IT, WITH LAW ENFORCEMENT BECOMING THE CORE OF ENFORCEMENT? I THINK IT’S TO ECHO WHAT CHUCK SAID, IN THE ’80 s AND ’90s, AND DID A LOT OF DRUG WORK. FELT WE HAD TO INTERDICT THE SUPPLY, THAT HAS TO BE PART OF IT. FELT GREAT FRUSTRATION, BUT WE FELT WE WERE BAILING A BOAT, BAILING A BOAT, LUCKING UP DRUG DEALERS, AND REDUCING DEMAND HAS TO BESO I THINK WHAT YOU’RE SEEING TODAY IS 25, 30 YEARS OF WISDOM FROM MORE AND MORE PEOPLE REALIZING YOU CANNOT ARREST YOUR WAY OUT OF THE PROBLEM. HAVE TO LOCK UP MEXICO. HAVE TO LOCK UP THE BAD DOCS, BUT WE ARE GOING TO DO

THAT FOREVER IF WE DON’T DEAL WITH THE OTHER SIDE — FIX THE HOLE IN THE BOAT WHILE WE’RE BAILING IT IS THE ANSWER TO DON’T KNOW WHETHER YOU HAVE A DIFFERENT REACTION. NO, I AGREE YEAH. I THINK IT’S — I GET SMARTER THE OLDER WE GET. THINK WE AS ALL PEOPLE GET SMARTER THE MORE EXPERIENCE GOOD EVENING. FOR BEING HERE WITH US TONIGHT. QUESTION IS SPECIFICALLY REGARDING THE DEA’S RECENT DECISION TO SCHEDULE KRATOM AS AN HERB FOUND IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, AND HAS BEEN USED FOR THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS OF YEARS AS A NATURAL PAIN RELIEVER WITH VERY FEW HARMFUL EFFECTS. MORE RECENTLY, KRATOM HAS ALSO BECOME A DRUG THAT HAS BEEN USED BY PEOPLE FACING OPIOID AND HEROIN AND FENTANYL ADDICTIONS, AND IT REALLY HELPS THEM COPE WITH THE NEGATIVE — WITH THEIR WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS AND TO EFFECTIVELY WEAN THEMSELVES OFF OF THESE VERY HARMFUL EARLIER THIS MONTH, THE DEA ANNOUNCED THAT THEY WOULD BE SCHEDULING KRATOM AS A SCHEDULE I DRUG EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 30th, ABOUT A WEEK FROM N I’M KIND OF WONDERING WHAT PROMPTED THE DEA TO MAKE THIS DECISION, AND NOT ONLY ARE THEY SCHEDULING IT, BUT THEY’RE MAKING IT A SCHEDULE I DRUG, WHICH WILL MAKE IT VERY DIFFICULT TO CONTINUE TO PERFORM RESEARCH, TO SEE IF KRATOM IS AN EFFECTIVE OPIATE RELIEVER, AND SCHEDULE I IS REALLY — REALLY FOR DRUGS WITH NO MEDICINAL VALUE AND HIGH ADDICTION POTENTIAL. YOU EXPLAIN THAT DECISION? ABSOLUTELY. GLAD TO. THANK YOU FOR KRATOM, AS YOU KNOW, IS AN OPIOID IN ITS CLASSIFICATION, SO THIS IS A GOOD PLACE TO TALK ABOUT IT. FDA HAS DECIDED, RULED, AFTER ITS CONSIDERED JUDGMENT THAT THERE IS NO MEDICAL VALUE. ARE BOUND BY ITS SCIENTIFIC DETERMINATIONS IN THAT ARENA. IN SCHEDULE I, T HEREFORE, BECAUSE IT HAS NO MEDICAL VALUE. IS A HIGH POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE. MOST IMPORTANTLY, WE’RE NOW GETTING DATA FROM FOLKS AROUND THE COUNTRY THAT PEOPLE ARE DYING FROM KRATOM IF WE MADE AN ERROR, AND PERHAPS SOME PEOPLE THINK WE DID — I FRANKLY DO NOT — THEN WE ERRED ON THE SIDE OF PROTECTING THE PUBLIC, AND I’M OKAY WITH THAT. JUST ONE QUICK CLARIFICATION ON THAT. HAS ABOUT 15 REPORTED DEATHS, MOST OF THOSE DEATHS INVOLVED OTHER ILLEGAL DRUGS, AS WELL. JUST FOR COMPARISON, TYLENOL HAS ABOUT 1,500 DEATHS IN THE LAST 15 YEARS. CAN WE GET TO SOME OTHER PEOPLE, BECAUSE I KNOW BEE — WE HAVE A LONG LYOU. THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE TONIGHT. QUESTION IS, IN INTERNATIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT, THERE’S A BIG NARRATIVE ABOUT REACHING OUT TO GLOBAL PARTNERS, TO LEARN FROM THEIR TACTICS ABOUT HOW WE CAN COMBAT A WIDE VARIETY OF LAW ENFORCEMENT ISSUES. WHAT PROJECT THE, WHAT PROGRAMS, IF ANY, DO THE DEA AND FBI HAVE TO REACH OUT TO THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY AND LEARN FROM THEM ABOUT HOW TO COMBAT THIS PROBLEM? I THINK WE CAN BOTH PROVIDE A PIECE OF THAT ANSWER. DO, LIKE THE FBI, A LOT OF WORK OVERSEAS. DO A LOT OF INTERNATIONAL TRAINING. LOT OF JOINT TRAINING. LEARN FROM OUR PARTNERS ABROAD JUST AS THEY WANT TO MAKE SURE I’M GETTING TO THE HEART OF MY QUESTION, THOUGH. PROBABLY THINKING BEYOND TRAINING, I IMAGINE. HELP ME WITH THAT A BIT, IF YOU DON’T MIND. JUST ANY INTERNATIONAL ENFORCEMENT TACTICS, BUT ALSO TRAINING, IF YOU COULD SPEAK TO THAT, THAT’S FINE. WITH RESPECT TO THIS EPIDEMIC, YOU MEAN?YES THE CHALLENGE IS WE’RE LEADING THE WORLD IN THIS, AND SO I DON’T KNOW OF A USEFUL MODEL FOR HOW TO GRAPPLE WITH THIS EPIDEMIC. YOU DO, BUT I DON’T KNOW OF — I DON’T KNOW OF ANYTHING THAT’S COMPARABLE INTERESTING, AS I TALK TO OUR PARTNERS AROUND THE WORLD — I WAS JUST IN DETROIT SPEAKING AT A NORTHERN-BORDER CONFERENCE CANADIANS ARE JUST NOW BEGINNING TO SEE — I SHOULDN’T SAY “JUST NOW” — BUT SEEING A SPIKE IN HEROIN AND FENTANYL-RELATED DEATHS, AND AS JIM SAID, WE HAVE MUCH TO SHARE, BECAUSE WE HAVE SUFFERED SO MUCH. CONFER WITH OUR PARTNERS, WE DO, BUT RIGHT NOW WE ARE SORT OF, SADLY, THE WORLD’S EXPERT ON THIS FIRST UP, THANK YOU FOR COMING TONIGHT. MAN IN FRONT OF ME

ASKED HALF OF MY QUESTION. WITH REGARDS TO, LIKE, THE — IN THE FILM, DESCRIBED PRISON, IT COULD BE THE BEST THING TO HAPPEN TO YOU, WHILE USING DRUGS, AND I WAS KIND OF HEARTENED TO HEAR YOU WERE CHANGING YOUR APPROACH TO TARGETING MORE THE TRAFFICKERS AND LESS THE USERS THERE ANY, LIKE, CONCRETE PLANS IN PLACE OR IN THE WORKS TO REALLY TARGET MORE, LIKE, THE SOURCE? I FEEL LIKE — AND, ALSO, LIKE TO DEVELOP ALTERNATIVES FOR ABUSERS TO, LIKE, BE REMOVED FROM SOCIETY AND REMOVED FROM ACCESS TO THESE DRUGS, BUT ALSO NOT HAVING TO LIVE WITH THE SOCIAL STIGMA OF, LIKE, BEING A FELON, OR CONVICTED FELON, BECAUSE THAT HAS NEGATIVE EFFECTS, AS WELL, AND THE INCARCERATION RATE IN THIS COUNTRY IS PRETTY ANOMOLUS IN THE FREE WORLD, SO IS THERE ANY CHANGE TO THE APPROACH OF THAT? LET ME QUIBBLE WITH ONE PART OF YOUR QUESTION. DON’T THINK WE’VE CHANGED OUR TACTICS OR CHANGED OUR STRATEGY. DEA AND THE FBI, WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE WHOLE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT, ARE RELATIVELY SMALL PIECES. ARE 18,000 LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES IN THE UNITED STATES. REPRESENT TWO OF T SO, FRANKLY, WE NEVER HAD THE INCLINATION, THE TIME, OR THE RESOURCES TO TARGET USERS. DON’T. STEALING DIRECTOR COMEY’S FORMULATION, BECAUSE I LIKE IT SO MUCH — AT LEAST I THINK YOU SAID THIS ORIGINALLY OUR SWEET SPOT IS THAT UNWHOLLY ALLIANCE BETWEEN DRUG CARTELS, PRIMARILY OUT OF MEXICO, AND VIOLENT STREET GANGS. WHERE WE WORK. THE SPACE IN WHICH WE WORK. SO, I DON’T THINK WE’VE CHANGED A THING. RELATIVELY SMALL. ONLY HAVE ABOUT 4,500 SPECIAL SO, AS I SAID, NEITHER THE TIME NOR THE INCLINATION TO PROSECUTE USERS DOESN’T MAKE SENSE FROM A RESOURCE STANDPOINT. DON’T KNOW IF YOU HAVE — NO, IT’S BEEN OUR FOCUS TO TRY AND INTERDICT THE MAJOR SUPPLY. WHERE THE COUNTRY HAS JOURNEYED, AS I SAID IN RESPONSE TO THE EARLIER Q UESTION, I THINK THE COUNTRY’S GOTTEN MUCH SMARTER AT ALL LEVELS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT PUBLIC HEALTH, MEDICINE, AND PUBLIC POLICY, IN THINKING DIFFERENTLY ABOUT ADDICTION, AND WHAT THE BEST WAY IS TO DEAL WITH CRIMES RELATED TO ADDICTION AND ADDICTION SO, LOOK, THERE’S NO DOUBT THAT IT’S TRUE FOR LOTS OF ADDICTS THAT YOUR TURNING POINT COMES WHEN YOU HIT BOTTOM, AND BOTTOM IS OFTEN IN A JAIL CELL. THINK WHERE WE ARE IN THE COUNTRY, 30 YEARS AFTER THE WAR ON DRUGS, WE REALIZE THAT CAN’T BE THE RULE THAT WE APPLY, AND WE HAVE TO BRING LOTS OF OTHER APPROACHES TRYING TO DEAL WITH ADDICTION AND ADDICTION-RELATED CRIME. FOCUS IS — ONE OF THE THINGS WE’RE TRYING TO DO, WHICH SOUNDS ODD, WE’RE TRYING TO RAISE THE PRICE, PARTICULARLY OF HEROIN IN THIS COUNTRY, BY INTERDICTING SUPPLY, SO IT WILL BE LESS EASY FOR PEOPLE TO MAKE THE TRANSITION TO USING FENTANYL-LACED THIS QUESTION HAS TO DO WITH SORT OF THE ACCOUNTABILITY OF PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES THAT, YOU KNOW, IN MANY WAYS BENEFITED FROM THE DEATHS OF, YOU KNOW, HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF AMERICANS. OBVIOUSLY, THIS MAY BE A BETTER QUESTION FOR LORETTA LYNCH, BUT I THINK, HAS THERE BEEN ANY REPERCUSSION FOR SENIOR-LEVEL PHARMACEUTICAL EXECUTIVES FOR VERY MUCH BEING AWARE OF THE — YOU KNOW, THE ENORMOUS PROFIT THAT THESE COMPANIES WERE ABLE TO TAKE HOME AT THE EXPENSE OF THE DEATHS OF AMERICANS?I’M CURIOUS, TALKING ABOUT THE SUPPLY, AND THESE COMPANIES CONTINUING THAT SUPPLY. THERE BEEN ANY SORT OF, YOU KNOW, REPERCUSSION FOR THOSE INDIVIDUALS THAT WERE VERY MUCH AWARE OF IT’S A HARD QUESTION FOR A COUPLE OF REASONS, AND I MAY NOT BE THE BEST PERSON, BUT I’M SITTING HERE, SO WHAT THE H MAKE A LAWFUL PRODUCT. NOT HERE TO DEFEND THEM. ALSO NOT HERE TO DENIGRATE THEM. THEY MAKE A LAWFUL PRODUCT. HAVE A LARGE PART OF DEA — FACT, I HOPE YOU WILL STAY FOR THE PANEL, BECAUSE THE HEAD OF OUR OFFICE OF DIVERSION CONTROL IS ON IT, AND HE’S BRILLIANT, AND HE’S THOUGHTFUL, AND HE’D BE THE PERFECT PERSON TO ASK THIS QUESTION OF. THINK I JUST ENDED THE SENTENCE WITH A PREPOSITION — AT G REALIZED AS I WAS GOING DOWN THAT PATH, I

WAS GOING TO END WITH IT, AND I’M CHAGRINNED. THEY MAKE A LAWFUL PRODUCT. I THINK FROM OUR GROUP, BOTH AS LAW ENFORCERS AND REGULATORS, WE NEED TO MAKE SURE THE LEAKAGES IN THE SYSTEM — THE PILL MILLS, THE PHARMACIES NOT MAINTAINING INVENTORY CONTROL, THE DOCTORS WHO ARE WILLY-NILLY WRITING PRESCRIPTIONS WHO ARE TRAVELING 400 MILES FROM THEIR HOME TO THE PHARMACY TO GET THAT PRESCRIPTION FILLED — THAT’S WHERE WE FOCUS OUR EFFORTS, AND I THINK WE DO A PRETTY GOOD JOB, FRANKLY. IT’S A LAWFUL PRODUCT, AND SO WE’RE GOING TO GET CAUGHT IN THAT LOOP, RIGHT, OF WHAT DO WE DO AS CITIZENS ABOUT, YOU KNOW, PILLS THAT CAN BOTH HELP AND HURT. REGULATORS, AS ENFORCERS, WE HAVE TO JUST MAKE SURE THAT THINGS STAY IN THE LEGITIMATE STREAM OF COMMERCE, AND THAT THE BAD ACTORS ARE WEEDED OUT AND PROSECUTED AND PUT IN JAIL, BUT IT’S AN EXCELLENT QUESTION. HEAD OF DIVERSION CONTROL OFFICE LOUIE MILIONE, WILL BE UP HERE NEXT, AND YOU SHOULD ASK HIM THAT. AND NO SENTENCES ENDING IN PREPOSITIONS, EITHER. SOMETHING WE CANNOT PUT UP WITH. WANTED TO POINT OUT THAT HE HAD PLENTY OF TIME TO COME UP WITH THAT. I WAS STRUGGLING WITH WOULD YOU JOIN ME IN THANKING DIRECTOR COMEY AND ADMINISTRATOR ROSENBERG FOR THEIR CONVERSATION? WE’LL BRING THE PANEL UP SO OUR PANEL INCLUDES DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR OF DEA, LOUIS MILIONE. HAVE LEXIE REID HOLTHAM, DIRECTOR OF THE STEVE REMERE FOUNDATION, AND PEGGY COMPTON, WHO IS THE INTERIM CHAIR OF GEORGETOWN’S DEPARTMENT OF NURSING PRACTICE AND AN EXPERT IN NEUROSCIENCE IN OPIOID ADDICTION. EVERYBODY, TO SO, WE HAVE A FEW QUESTIONS WE’D LIKE TO SORT OF START OFF WITH YOU FILM — LET ME START WITH MR MILIONE. FILM SORT OF BRINGS THE CASE OF HOW BIG OF A PROBLEM THIS PEOPLE WHO ARE OVERDOSING IS HUGE, AND YET IT’S NOT ON THE NEWS. DOESN’T SEEM TO BE GETTING THE SAME KIND OF ATTENTION THAT THE COCAINE PROBLEM IN THE ’80s GOT AND OTHER DRUG CRISIS. YOU HAVE SOME SENSE OF WHY THAT IS? IT BECAUSE THESE ARE LEGALLY PRESCRIBED DRUGS AS OPPOSED TO THINGS WHICH ARE BROUGHT ILLICITLY TO THE MARKET? IS IT NOT — THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION, AND I WON’T GET INTO THE NUMBERS. IS STAGGERING, 100,000 PEOPLE OVER FOUR YEARS LOST, AND THE COUNTLESS FAMILY MEMBERS DEVASTATED BY THAT. REALLY DON’T KNOW WHY. THINK MORE AND MORE YOU SEE IN THE MEDIA A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF ATTENTION ON IT. I THINK THAT’S ONE OF THE BEST ALLIES WE HAVE, GETTING THE INFORMATION OUT THERE. TRY TO DO AS MUCH OF THAT AS WE CAN THINK THE MORE THE MERRIER AS LEXIE, YOU HAD SORT OF A THREEFOLD CONNECTION WITH THIS PROBLEM. FIANCE STEVE, WHO UNFORTUNATELY LOST HIS BATWELL ADDICTION, YOUR OWN PERSONAL STRUGGLES, AND THEN TRYING TO KEEP YOUR CHILDREN YOUR DAUGHTER’S AGE AWAY FROM DRUGS YOU SHARE YOUR STORY ABOUT — YOUR EXPERIENCE WITH THAT? S THANKS FOR HAVING ME HERE, AND I FEEL REALLY HONORED AND PRIVILEGED TO SIT UP HERE TODAY, BECAUSE OF THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE THAT DIE AND STRUGGLE WITH THIS DISEASE, IT’S JUST — I FEEL, REALLY, LIKE A WALKING MIRACLE I HOPE PEOPLE WALK AWAY TODAY FEELING LIKE THERE IS HOPE. I AM A PERSON IN LONG-TERM RECOVERY FROM THE DISEASE OF ADDICTION, AND IT IS POSSIBLE TO RECOVER 23 MILLION AMERICANS IN RECOVERY FROM THE DISEASE OF A I JUST WANT TO POINT THAT OUT SO THAT PEOPLE CAN WALK AWAY FEELING LIKE IT’S POSSIBLE. THEN, THAT SAID, I’M JUST SO GRATEFUL FOR THE PEOPLE THAT WERE IN THE FILM, AND

PARTICIPATE IN THIS, BECAUSE IT’S DIFFICULT. IN 2011, MY FIANCE, STEVE, OVERDOSED AND DIED. WAS LEGITIMATELY PRESCRIBED OPIOIDS TO TREAT HIS PAIN AND QUICKLY BECAME ADDICTED TO THEM. WENT TO TREATMENT.GOT OUT OF TREATMENT. 45 DAYS LATER HE DIED. ME, I WAS 45 DAYS SOBER WHEN DO HAVE A 13-YEAR-OLD, AND I WORK IN A STATE, IN MINNESOTA, AND I WORK IN THE FIELD, AND I KNOW FOR A FACT THAT WE HAVE 13-YEAR-OLDS BEING ADMITTED TO TREATMENT AND DYING EVERY DAY ACROSS THIS COUNTRY KNOW, EVERYBODY DOES SUCH A BEAUTIFUL JOB OF TALKING ABOUT THE NUMBERS, AND I THINK JUST TO SAY, JUST TO QUANTIFY IT ALL, IS THAT THE EQUIVALENT — THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE THAT DIE PER DAY IS EQUIVALENT TO A SINGLE-DECKER 747 CRASHING FROM THE SKY AND EVERYBODY ON THAT PLANE DYING.THAT IS WHAT IS HAPPENING IN OUR COUNTRY EACH AND EVERY DAY. THIS KIND OF THING HAS TO CONTINUE TO HAPPEN SO WE WHY IS THESE — WHY ARE THESE DRUGS SO ADDICTIVE? FILM MAKES THE CASE, PEOPLE THOUGHT IT WOULDN’T HAPPEN TO ME, I CAN TAKE A COUPLE OF THESE. IS IT THAT IT TRAPS PEOPLE? THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION. FOR ASKING MEAN, PEOPLE CAN — THERE ARE ALL SORTS OF DRUGS OF ABUSE, INCLUDING ALCOHOL, WHICH TICKLES THE AWARD CENTER, AND PROVIDES THE EUPHORIA, AND WHAT HAPPENS NEUROBIOLOGICALLY, THESE REWARDING FEELINGS TAKE OVER MOTIVATIONAL FEELINGS IN THE BRAIN. IN THE FILM WERE SAYING, THEY DIDN’T CARE ABOUT MOTIVATION WAS TO GET THE NEXT FIX, THE NEXT DRUG S ADDICTION ITSELF IS THE TYPE OF DISEASE WHICH MORE AND MORE OF YOUR COPING RESPONSES, MORE AND MORE OF YOUR SOCIAL LIFE REALLY BECOME — YOU JUST — ABOUT THE DRUG AND THE DRUG ITSELF. THING, THOUGH, ABOUT OPIOIDS, OTHER THAN THE OTHER DRUGS OF ABUSE, INCLUDING ALCOHOL, IS OPIOIDS QUICKLY CAUSE PHYSICAL DEPENDENCE AND TOLERANCE DEPENDENCE MEANS, YOU TAKE IT AWAY, YOU GO THROUGH WITHDRAWAL, WHICH IS REALLY MISERABLE.AND TOLERANCE MEANS OVER TIME, USING MORE AND MORE OF THE DRUGS FOR THE SAME EFFECTS. ALL OF THE DRUGS HAVE THESE TWO CHARACTERISTICS ASSOCIATED WITH I OPIOIDS ARE LIKELY TO LEAD TO A SUBSTANCE ABUSE DISORDER BECAUSE OF THE NATURE OF THOSE DRUGS AND BECAUSE THEY ARE RELATED TO TOLERANCE AND PHYSICAL DEPENDENCE. THAT DOES MAKE OPIOIDS UNIQUE WITH RESPECT TO THE DRUGS THAT WE CAN BECOME ADDICTED TO YOU KNOW, YOUR SON BECAME ADDICTED WHEN HE WAS 19 YEARS OLD. YOU DESCRIBE THE PATH THAT HE WENT THROUGH AS THE ADDICTION GREW IN HIM, YOUR EXPERIENCE WITH THAT? TYLER STARTED WITH MARIJUANA AT AGE 12. WENT FROM MARIJUANA TO PILLS . HAD A BACK PAIN, AND HE GOT SOME VICODIN THEN HE — I TOOK HIM TO THE DOCTOR, AND HE GOT OXYCONTIN DIDN’T REALIZE IT THEN. HE WENT AWAY FROM IT, AND IT WASN’T REALLY ALWAYS WOULD TELL ME HE WAS JUST SELF-MEDICATING, SELF-MEDICATING. NOTICED IN HIGH SCHOOL THAT HIS FRIENDS CHANGED. CHANGE.PLACES CHANGED APPEARANCE I KIND OF LOST CONTROL. REALIZE THAT THIS DRUG WAS MORE POWERFUL THAN ME. WAS MORE POWERFUL THAN OUR FAMILY. WAS RAPID.HE STARTED TO GO DOWNHILL — I THINK IT WAS HIS SENIOR YEAR IN HIGH SCHOOL THAT I STARTED NOTICING — I HAD SURGERY, AND PILLS STARTED MISSING, AND BECAME A THEN I NOTICED THAT FRIENDS AND BEHAVIORS. THINGS STARTED ESCALATING, AND I HAD TO TAKE CARE OF MY 3-YEAR-OLD THAT WAS IN THE HOUSE. I HAD TO PUT HIM OUT, BECAUSE IT WAS BIGGER THAN ME. HADN’T — I HAD LOST CONTROL. HE — BECAUSE OF THE CROWDS AND THE PEOPLE THAT HE WAS BRINGING IN, AND AROUND, HE — WAS COUCH-SURFING.HE WAS GOING FROM PLACE TO PLACE. HE WOULD

CALL ME, TELLING ME THAT MY BODY HURTS. WAS IN EXTRAORDINARY PAIN. I DIDN’T UNDERSTAND, MOM, COULD YOU JUST GIVE ME HAVE SOMETHING IN YOUR CABINET. KNOW I DID NOT REALIZE THAT THE PAIN MEDICATIONS, WE HAD TAKEN HIM TO A DOCTOR, THAT IT WAS JUST LIKE GIVING HIM HEROIN. WAS NO DIFFERENT FROM INJECTING HIM WITH UNBEKNOWN ST AND UNKNOWN TO ME, IT LED TO HIS HEROIN ABUSE. GOT A GIRL PREGNANT. WERE USING TOGETHER IT HAPPENED IN LESS THAN A YEAR SON KEPT COMPLAINING OF EXTRAORDINARY PAIN, AND I KEPT SAYING, YOU’RE GOING TO BE FINE, YOU’RE GOING TO BE FINE, YOU’LL GET OVER IT.TAKE A MOTRIN SAID, YOU DON’T UNDERSTAND. NEED — I NEED SOMETHING. DOPE SICK SWEATING AND I HAVE SICK, MOM, YOU NEED TO HELP ME. LAY ACROSS MY BED, BEGGING ME TO HELP HIM AND I DIDN’T KNOW IT GOT SO BAD THAT HE KEPT SAYING, THE WEEK OF, AND THE DAY OF, I CAN’T TAKE THIS PAIN ANYMORE. NEED TO END THIS PAIN.I NEED TO END THIS PAIN. THAT NIGHT, ON AUGUST 19th , HE ENDED THE PAIN. SHOT HIMSELF, BECAUSE HE COULDN’T LIVE ANYMORE. THAT WEAR PUT A REAL HUMAN FACE ON THIS DISEASE AND THE PROBLEMS AND THE CHALLENGES IT CAUSES PEOPLE. IS THERE SOME SENSE THAT PEOPLE FOLLOW A PATH OF MARIJUANA, OR THAT THERE ARE GATEWAY DRUGS THAT LEAD PEOPLE DOWN THIS? IS — WHAT HAVE YOU GUYS FOUND ABOUT, IS THERE A PATH THAT MARIJUANA LEADS TO THE PILLS, WHICH THEN LEAD TO HEROIN? ARE THERE REALLY NO — INTO IT IN A VARIETY OF DIFFERENT WAYS? YOU KNOW, I’D HAVE TO OBVIOUSLY DEFER TO PEGGY ON THAT. MEAN, WE’RE — OUR LAW ENFORCEMENT, IT WOULDN’T BE APPROPRIATE FOR ME TO COMMENT. HAVE OUR ANECDOTAL EXPERIENCE, BUT I THINK AN ADDICTION SPECIALIST OR SCIENTIST WOULD BE BETTER TO ANSWER THAT.USUALLY, THE FIRST GATEWAY DRUG IS ALCOHOL. ALCOHOL USE, ESPECIALLY AT YOUNGER AGES, BECAUSE ALCOHOL IS AVAILABLE. IT’S LEGAL FREQUENTLY THE FIRST GATEWAY DRUG THAT PEOPLE WILL GET INTO IS ALCOHOL. THEN, THAT LEADS TO MARIJUANA, AND THEN CAN LEAD TO HARDER SUBSTANCES. I THINK THAT DOES SPEAK TO THE FACT THAT ALCOHOL USED AT AN EARLY AGE IS A PREDICTOR. A RISK FACTOR FOR PEOPLE DEVELOPING MORE T WE THINK ABOUT, YOU KNOW, ADOLESCENTS AND HAVING A LITTLE BIT OF ALCOHOL. THAT REALLY CAN BE THE GATEWAY IN TO ENJOYING PSYCHOACTIVE AND NEUROGENIC EFFECTS. WE SHOULDN’T TAKE ALCOHOL AS LIGHTLY AS WE DO, AND WE DO NEED TO CONSIDER IT AS A GATEWAY DRUG. LEXIE, YOU’VE BEEN ACTIVE IN ADVOCATING FOR INCREASED ACCESS TO NARCAN, WHICH HELPS IN THE EFFECTS OF OVERDOSE. YOU TALK ABOUT SOME OF THOSE EFFORTS AND WHY THIS IS AN IMPORTANT THING TO D ABSOLUTELY, FIRST, I JUST AM SO MOVED BY THIS PANEL, AND I JUST, AGAIN, THANK YOU FOR YOUR KNOW, ONE IN TEN PEOPLE — I MEAN, IF WE LOOK AROUND THE AUDIENCE RIGHT NOW — ONE IN TEN OF YOU IS GOING TO HAVE THE DISEASE OF ADDICTION. THE FACTS. YOU COULD JUST COUNT OFF AND DIVIDE THE ROOM, AND THAT’S JUST GO HAVE THE DISEASE OF ADDICTION, IN HERE. WE KNOW THIS PARTICULAR PROBLEM IS REALLY DRIVEN BY AN OVERPRESCRIBING, RIGHT? THAT’S HAVE CREATED THIS PROBLEM. OUT OF FOUR INDIVIDUALS WHO TRY HEROIN NOW HAVE STARTED WITH PRESCRIPTION PAIN P 61% OF ALL AMERICANS WHO ARE OVERDOSING AND DYING ARE DOING SO FROM OPIOIDS. THE VAST MAJORITY OF THOSE ARE FROM PRESCRIPTION PAIN WHAT I WOULD PROPOSE, NARCAN — NARCAN ISN’T ADRENALINE. IT IS IS AN ANTIDOTE. YOU HAVE TO HAVE IT, YOU HAVE OVERDOSED ON HEROIN, A PAIN PILL, THE SAME THING, YOU HAVE TO HAVE THE ANTIDOTE TO LIVE. THING WE CAN DO ACROSS THE COUNTRY IS THAT

ANYTIME A PRESCRIBER PRESCRIBES A PAIN PILL, CO-PRESCRIBE THE ANTIDOTE, JUST LIKE WE DO WITH DIABETES. MEAN, IT’S A N SHORT OF THAT, WHAT WE’RE SEEING ACROSS OUR NATION, AND WHAT WE WORK SO HARD TO ACHIEVE IS TO GET EVERY STATE TO HAVE A 911 GOOD SAMARITAN FLEXIBLE LAW THAT PROVIDES A LITTLE BIT OF IMMUNITY FOR PEOPLE WHO PICK UP THE PHONE — WHO HAVE THE COURAGE TO PICK UP THE PHONE — FOR HELP. 70%, 80% OF THE TIME, DRUG USERS ARE USING TOGETHER CERTAINLY USED TOGETHER. WE FIND IS 99% OF THE TIME THAT PERSON IS FOUND DEAD ALONE. FEAR WE NEED TO PUT A LOCK ZONE, NALOXONE, KNOWN AS NARCAN, IN THE HANDS OF EVERY PERSON, AND ALL OF THE FIRST RESPONDERS NEED TO CARRY THAT TOOL. HEROES, AND LET’S GIVE THEM THE TOOLS, AND ALSO PROVIDE SOME IMMUNITY, NOT FOR THE DRUG LORDS THAT ARE BRINGING IN, MAKING A PROFIT OFF OF PEOPLE’S LIVES, BUT FOR IMMUNITY FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE USING TOGETHER, STEEPED IN THE DISEASE OF ADDICTION, SO THAT THEY ACTUALLY PICK UP THE PHONE AND DO SO I WAS LOOKING AT SOME STATISTICS THAT TALKED ABOUT THE NUMBER OF PRESCRIPTIONS BEING ISSUED. SOME STATES, THERE ARE MORE PRESCRIPTIONS BEING ISSUED FOR OXYCONTIN AND OTHER OPIOIDS THAN THERE ARE PEOPLE. ALABAMA, VARIOUS STATES LIKE THAT. CAN WE DO ABOUT THE OVERPRESCRIPTION PROBLEM IN DOCTORS?WHAT STRATEGY IS IT DO YOU GUYS THINK ABOUT? OBVIOUSLY, THE BIGGEST ISSUE — ONE OF THE — ONE OF THE INITIATIVES WE EMBRACE AND IN DIVERSION OR DEA EDUCATION, AND PUBLICITY, THE CDC COMING OUT WITH THE GUIDELINES ON YOU HAVE DOCTORS THAT NEED TO BE POTENTIALLY EDUCATED, PHARMACIES THAT NEED TO BE EDUCATED ABOUT WHAT RED FLAGS TO LOOK FOR FOR A DRUG SEEKER TO TRY TO PREVENT THAT. HAVE THE WHOLE EDUCATION PIECE. HAVE THE ENGAGEMENT WITH INDUSTRY, THE MANUFACTURERS TO KIND OF WORK WITH THEM ON THEIR REGULATORY CONTROLS. THEN THE OTHER FLIP SIDE OF THAT IS — AND IT WAS SO WELL PUT — IS TO GO AFTER AND INVESTIGATE, THAT NO MATTER HOW MUCH EDUCATION, THEY’RE CHOOSING TO DO THIS TO EXPLOIT HUMAN FRAILTY FOR PROFIT. THE D EA, WE’RE FOCUSING ON THOSE DOCTORS. HAVE A REGULATORY ROLE, ENGAGEMENT, TO MAKE SURE THEY’RE DOING THE RIGHT THING OFTEN THE MUNDANE PART OF REGULATORY, LOOKING AT RECORDKEEPING, TO SAY, OKAY, THIS DOCTOR IS EITHER LAX, AND THESE DRUGS ARE BEING DIVERTED, THEY’RE GETTING INTO SOMEBODY’S CABINET, PUT OUT ON THE STREET, OR INTENTIONALLY DOING THIS, AND WE NEED TO FOCUS ON THOSE AND BRING THEM TO JUSTICE, SO FOR A PARENT OR A ROOMMATE OR A FRIEND, ARE THERE SIGNALS THAT SOMEBODY’S GETTING IN TROUBLE? THERE WARNING SIGNS? THERE THINGS WE SHOULD BE AWARE OF? THERE ANY CLUES THAT, LOOKING B ACK, HINDSIGHT IS ALWAYS BETTER THAN LIVING THROUGH IT, THAT ARE ADVICE YOU WOULD GIVE TO PEOPLE, TO BE AWARE OF, DANGER SIGNALS THAT YOUR FRIENDS MIGHT BE GETTING INTO TROUBLE, YOUR CHILDREN? THE BIGGEST THING IS KNOW THE SERIOUSNESS OF A PILL, THAT IT IS JUST LIKE TAKING HEROIN. THEIR FRIENDS. WHO THEY’RE AROUND. HAD TWO PEOPLE THAT WE TRUSTED IN THE FAMILY THAT ARE RECOVERING. HAD JUST GOT OUT OF REHAB, AND HE REACHED OUT TO MY SON. HE TOLD ME THAT HE WAS HELPING TYLER. HE WAS REALLY PREYING ON TYLER’S WEAKNESS AND GETTING TYLER TO GET HIM TO THE DRUG. I WAS TALKING TO HIM, BECAUSE HE WAS WRITING ME, TELLING ME, I’M HELPING HIM KNOW HE HAS THIS PROBLEM HELPING HIM. HAVE HIM WITH ME TONIGHT. I FELT SAFE. WAS ALSO A FRIEND THAT IS AN ATTORNEY THAT I HELD A LOT OF RESPECT FOR, AND HE WAS A MENTOR IN MY SON’S LIFE. HE MADE ME BELIEVE THAT HE WAS HELPING HIM, AND TALKING TO HIM, AND AFTER TYLER’S DEATH, I GOT HIS CELLPHONE, ONLY TO FIND OUT HE WAS PREYING ON MY SON AND GETTING DRUGS AND GETTING PILLS, AND I COULD READ THINGS WHERE TYLER WAS, LIKE, YOU’RE NOT HELPING ME. NEED HELP

TALKING TO YOUR KIDS, MAKE THEM PUT THE CELLPHONES DOWN. THEM HAVE THE TV OFF AND VISITORS VISITORS. I WANTED TO TALK TO TYLER, HE HAD TO HAVE A FRIEND I THINK THAT THAT’S REALLY CRITICAL. WOULD THINK I WAS GETTING THE MESSAGE ACROSS TO BOTH, AND REALLY I NEEDED TO GET THE MESSAGE ACROSS ARE THERE THINGS, YOU KNOW, REHAB — WE WERE SAYING WE WERE PUTTING MORE EMPHASIS ON PREVENTION, MORE EMPHASIS ON REHAB. A LOT OF THE STORIES ARE, “I WENT TO JAIL,” AND JAILS ARE NOTORIOUS FOR NOT DOING A LOT OF REHAB. THERE THINGS WE SHOULD BE LOOKING FOR, BUILDING IN THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS, IN PRISONS? WELL, CERTAINLY. THINK THE IDEA OF PUTTING MORE TREATMENT INTO PRISONS IS VERY, I KIND OF WENT BACK AND FORTH WHEN THE INDIVIDUAL MADE THE COMMENT ABOUT PRISON BEING THE BEST THING THAT EVER HAPPENED. COMING FROM A TREATMENT PERSPECTIVE IS, NO, TREATMENT IS THE BEST THING. AGAIN, TREATMENT CAN BE A GATEWAY TO BRING SOMEONE TO THEIR — KIND OF THEIR BOTTOM, SO TO SPEAK. ALSO THERE ARE THOSE WITH DIVERSION PROGRAMS YOU’RE BEING CONVICTED OF A DRUG CRIME, YOU CAN HAVE THE CHOICE TO GO INTO TREATMENT. KNOW WITH ALCOHOLICS WHO GET PICKED UP FOR DUIs, THEY GO TO 12-STEP MEETINGS, THEY ENTER RECOVERY, THERE ARE WAYS THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IS LOOKING TO BETTER INTEGRATE TREATMENT INTO SETTINGS THAT THEY BRING PATIENTS INTO, OR BRING DIFFERENT PEOPLE INTO. I ALSO WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT WE ALL UNDERSTAND THAT ARE VERY, VERY EFFECTIVE TREATMENTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF OPIOID DEPENDENCE I THINK SEEING A FILM LIKE THIS CAN INITIATE THAT D THERE WERE SOME PEOPLE IN THE FILM, ONCE I GOT INTO TREATMENT, THINGS WERE BETTER. I THINK IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW THAT THERE ARE EVIDENCE-BASED TREATMENTS OUT THERE FOR OPIOID ADDICTION, AND THERE ARE PLACES YOU CAN GO TO GET VERY GOOD TREATMENT. OF THAT TREATMENT CAN SOMETIMES BE MEDICATIONS. THINK THE NARCAN AS ONE OF THE BEST MEDICATIONS OUT THERE TO TREAT ACUTE OPIOID OVERDOSE. THERE ARE OTHER MEDICATIONS, SUBQTEX, AND THEY CAN RECEIVE TREATMENT, A LESS POTENT THAN AN OPIOID, AND OTHER PRESCRIPTIONS, BUT IT COVERS THE WITHDRAWAL, PEOPLE CAN GET STABLE, AND THEY CAN STAY ON THE NARCAN FOR MONTHS UNTIL THEY HAVE THEIR THIRD MEDICATION OPTION THAT WE’VE BEEN LOOKING MORE AND MORE AT IS NARCAN, BUT IT’S IN A LONG-ACTING FORM, SO THAT PEOPLE CAN TAKE A NARCAN, YOU KNOW, OPIOID ANTAGONIST, AND TAKE THAT EVERY MORNING, AND IF THEY TRY TO GET HIGH, IT WON’T WORK. IT’S PUTTING THAT BLOCKADE INTO YOUR SYSTEM TO HELP YOU DEVELOP NEW BEHAVIORS AROUND IF I CAN JUST SAY ONE MORE THING ABOUT TREATMENT. ARE IMPORTANT, AND WE HAVE THOSE OUT THERE ADDICTION IS A CHRONIC RELAPSING DISEASE. LOOKS MORE LIKE DIABETES THAN IT DOES SOMETHING YOU COULD — A BROKEN LEG ANYTIME YOU HAVE A CHRONIC DISEASE, RECOVERY IS SOMETHING YOU’LL BE DOING FOR THE REST OF YOUR LIFE. DON’T CURE ADDICTION SITTING THERE IN THE TO THE DEGREE THESE MEDICATIONS CAN BE EFFECTIVE, THEY’RE NOT EFFECTIVE IF WE DON’T BRING IN THE OTHER TOOLS TO REALLY HELP PEOPLE DEAL WITH RECOVERY. SO, WHAT THAT CAN MEAN IS WE GET PEOPLE ON MEDICATION TO STABILIZE THEM, BUT THEN WE GET THEM INTO THERAPY, AND WE GET THEM INTO GROUPS, AND DOING COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS. THERE ARE THINGS WE CAN BRING IN TO AMPLIFY WHAT THE MEDICATIONS CAN DO. WHAT’S NICE ABOUT THE MEDICATIONS IS THEY CAN BRING PEOPLE INTO TREATMENT AND STABILIZE THEM. MORE GOING THROUGH WITHDRAWAL. NO MORE NEED TO SPEND YOUR DAY FINDING DRUGS. A SUBSTITUTE THAT WORKS AND CAN BE VERY SUCCESSFUL IN GETTING PEOPLE STABLE. LEXIE, DO YOU HAVE ANY ADVICE FOR HOW PEOPLE MIGHT GET INVOLVED? THINKING ABOUT YOUR OWN FAMILY, YOUR FRIEND CIRCLE, BUT ARE THERE PEOPLE WHO HAVE SEEN THIS MOVIE, TOUCHED BY IT, HOW THEY CAN HELP TO BE EFFECTIVE ON A BROADER SCALE THAN JUST AN INDIVIDUAL SCALE, I GUESS BOTH ARE IMPORTANT. THAT’S A REALLY WANT TO BE SELF-PROMOTING, BUT YOU CAN HAVE PLENTY OF THINGS I NEED PEOPLE TO DO ACROSS THIS COUNTRY. HAPPY TO CONNECT WITH ALL OF YOU OR ANY OF YOU THAT WANT TO GET INVOLVED. SIMPLE THINGS YOU CAN DO. CAN TALK ABOUT THE DISEASE OF ADDICTION WHEN I WAS THINKING ABOUT COMING HERE TODAY, I THOUGHT, WOW, I FEEL A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF FEAR, AND I AM A PERSON IN LONG-TERM RECOVERY WHO IS SURROUNDED BY SUPPORT AND LOVE AND PEOPLE THINK I’M A CHAMPION I GET TO DO A LOT OF PUBLIC SPEAKING. I OFTEN TELL MY S I OFTEN TELL STEVE’S STORY. YET

THERE’S ALWAYS THAT LITTLE VOICE IN THE BACK OF MY HEAD THAT THINKS ABOUT, IS SOMEBODY GOING TO JUDGE ME BECAUSE I WAS THAT PERSON, THAT MOTHER WHO IN MY KID’S SECOND GRADE CLASSROOM, I TOOK OPIOIDS TO GO VOLUNTEER TO READ TO SECOND GRADERS. DOES THERE IS THAT FEAR. I THINK WE AS A COUNTRY NEED TO HAVE THAT PARADIGM SHIFT WHERE WE NO LONGER TREAT THE DISEASE OF ADDICTION AS A MORAL FAILING. IS NOT. IS A IT’S REALLY TOUGH TO GET THAT, BECAUSE THE REALITY IS THAT THERE’S SOME PRETTY BAD BEHAVIOR THAT GOES ALONG WITH THIS DISEASE. SO, THAT’S A TOUGH THING TO HANDLE VERSUS DIABETES, WHICH IS ANOTHER INCURABLE, LIFELONG D WHAT CAN YOU DO? CAN TALK ABOUT IT. CAN TALK TO YOUR LOVED ONES, TO YOUR NEIGHBORS ABOUT THE DISEASE OF ADDICTION. CERTAINLY CAN ASK YOUR LAW ENFORCEMENT AND YOUR FIRE DEPARTMENT, ARE YOU GUYS CARRYING THE NALOXONE, AND YOU CAN DO THE ADVOCACY ON THE FEDERAL, THE STATE — YOU KNOW, YOU ARE THE EXPERT. ARE NOW THE TOM EXPERT IN THIS FIELD, BECAUSE YOU HAVE LIVED IT AND YOU KNOWSO WE — YOU KNOW, PEOPLE OFTEN THINK THAT CHANGE HAPPENS IN SOCIETY FROM THE TOP DOWN ALL IN THE AUDIENCE HAVE POWER TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE TO CHANGE THE DIRECTION, TO STOP THIS EPIDEMIC. WE HAVE TO STAND UP AND BE INVOLVED. CAN’T JUST COME FROM THE DOCTORS OR THE DEA OR THE FBI OR LEGISLATORS. ACTUALLY HAVE TO CONTRIBUTE AND IF I COULD JUST ADD TO THAT, I THINK IT’S ALSO IMPORTANT THAT WE’RE KNOWLEDGEABLE CONSUMERS. WHEN WE GO GET TO HAVE OUR WISDOM TEETH OUT, YOU KNOW, DOCTOR, WHY ARE YOU GIVING ME A BOTTLE OF 30 PILLS? NOT 3 PILLS DO IT? TO THE DEGREE THAT MAYBE PATIENTS QUESTION WHAT’S BEING PRESCRIBED TO T HAVE CHRONIC PAIN, WE KNOW THAT ACUPUNCTURE WORKS BETTER THAN OPIOIDS, OR PHYSICAL THERAPY, SO TO CHALLENGE THE CLINICIAN WHEN THEY WANT TO HAND YOU THE PRESCRIPTION. CAN YOU